PAM AM 103 - THE COVER- UP IS BLOWN! 1/31/00

New evidence may drag the DEA back into Pan Am 103 trial

http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/5260/latest.html

New evidence has surfaced that may blow huge holes in the prosecution of two Libyans awaiting trial in Holland, before a Scottish Court, according to Graham K. Yost from Rumor Mill News .

In an upcoming one hour documentary, being prepared by American Public Radio for 700 stations, new evidence confirms the US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) was running drugs, sometimes without the knowledge of local authorities. The DEA office in Nicosia, Cyprus got caught red handed. Several DEA agents from the Cyprus office died aboard Pan Am flight 103.

The program will tell the story of how two Lebanese from the Kabbara family, near Tripoli, were caught at Rome, Italy's International Airport with a cache of heroin hidden in plastic coat hangers. The Tribunale DeRoma ruled then, that the drugs were destined for the United States and the Kabbaras were on the United States Government payroll. DEA Cyprus Country Office denied it, but the three Italian judges ruled, "DEA Country Attache, Michael Hurley, cannot be believed."

The Kabbaras were doing more for the Americans than running drugs, according to the upcoming documentary. Italian police discovered the Lebanese brothers had a company in Rome, called Kinex, (Kabbara International Export). Kinex was actively "purchasing" military supplies in the early 80's from United States suppliers and shipping them to Iraq. Police also found that the telephone listed for Kinex actually rang in the United States Embassy in Rome. As in other cases, DEA Cyprus regularly "loaned " drug informants to the CIA who ran them as special assets.

DEA officials in Cyprus, testifying in civil proceedings in Great Britain, repeatedly denied the existence of "controlled deliveries". However the public radio documentary unit uncovered a deposition DEA Attache, Michael T. Hurley, gave in a civil case in a South Florida Federal Court. Hurley says there were, on average, 200 informants on the DEA payroll in Lebanon, and controlled deliveries were set up about twice a year.

Background info:
The DEA, agent Lester Coleman and Pan Am 103: a drug and arms-dealing conspiracy theory - was the DEA involved in the downing of Pan Am 103 ? Michael Hurley explains the term "controlled delivery"

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

Dateline: December 24, 1999

Rumor Mills News Agency

The American-British Version of
The Bombing of Pan Am 103
Is Crumbling
By Graham K. Yost

http://www.rumormillnews.com/pam.htm

New evidence has surfaced that blows huge holes in the prosecution of two Libyans awaiting trial in Holland, before a Scottish Court. The unusual trial is part of an international agreement reached with Libyan ruler, Moammar Gadhafi. Proceedings are scheduled to get underway in May.

For years the alternative version of the bombing has been feverishly attacked by the United States government, for good reason. Investigators, journalists, and government agents around the world have claimed the bomb was substituted, replacing a shipment of heroin. The heroin was being carried by an informant for the United State Drug enforcement administration, as part of a controlled drug run from Lebanon to Detroit, MI to entrap drug dealers in the United States.

In an upcoming one hour documentary, being prepared by American Public Radio for 700 stations, new evidence confirms the DEA was running drugs, sometimes without the knowledge of local authorities. The DEA office in Nicosia, Cyprus got caught red handed.

Two Lebanese from the Kabbara family, near Tripoli, were caught at Rome, Italy's International Airport with a cache of heroin hidden in plastic coat hangers. The Tribunale DeRoma ruled the drugs were destined for the United States and the Kabbaras were on the United States Government payroll. DEA Cyprus Country Office denied it, but the three Italian judges ruled, "DEA Country Attache, Michael Hurley, cannot be believed."

The Kabbaras were doing more for the Americans than running drugs. Italian police discovered the Lebanese brothers had a company in Rome, called Kinex, (Kabbara International Export). Kinex was actively "purchasing" military supplies in the early 80's from United States suppliers and shipping them to Iraq. Police also found that the telephone listed for Kinex actually rang in the United States Embassy in Rome. As in other cases, DEA Cyprus regularly "loaned " drug informants to the CIA who ran them as special assets.

DEA officials in Cyprus, testifying in civil proceedings in Great Britain, repeatedly denied the existence of "controlled deliveries". However the public radio documentary unit uncovered a deposition DEA Attache, Michael T. Hurley, gave in a civil case in a South Florida Federal Court. Hurley says there were, on average, 200 informants on the DEA payroll in Lebanon, and controlled deliveries were set up about twice a year.

Defense lawyers for the two Libyans accused of the bombing, now have firm evidence that the Pan Am bomb got on the jumbo jet by replacing a DEA controlled drug delivery, which was destined for Detroit, with a symtex plastique bomb.

270 men, women and children died in the disaster which occurred eleven years ago, December 21, 1988


Dateline: December 24, 1999

CIA Classified Document
Links Pan Am 103 Bomb to Iran
By Graham K. Yost

http://www.rumormillnews.com/pam1.htm

For years the United States Justice Department, the FBI and the CIA have laid the blame for the Pan Am 103 bombing on Libya's doorstep. But a CIA FBI classified report gives a different view.

The report -- from the following web address ---- http://www.geocities.com/capitolhill/5260/fbis.html is enclosed at the end of this article.

In shocking detail, the report describes an Iranian government hierarchy plotting with Palestinian terrorist, Ahmed Jibril. Pan Am investigator, Juval Aviv says Iran paid Jibril $10 million dollars to bring down a United States airliner. Jibril did it by infiltrating a United States drug running operation from Beirut Cyprus Frankfurt London to Detroit. The United States DEA regularly put Lebanese informants on United States bound flights carrying heroin to entrap stateside drug dealers.

DEA, FBI and CIA agents ruthlessly denied a United States Government operation was compromised. Instead, they pointed a finger at Libya. But all the time the CIA/FBI's 7 page report confirmed it was Jibril and Iran not Libya that set off the bomb which killed 270 people.

The following report details meetings, movements, names and places. It is evident that the United States government knew of the Jibril plot, and covered it up to protect their own bungling that allowed the bomb to be placed on a United States aircraft.

CIA/NSA Had Foreknowledge of Planning and Activities Leading to Pan Am 103 Bombing

The following report was obtained by defense counsel for Lester Coleman via an FOIA request. Mr. Coleman states that this message emanated from the Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS), a US Government entity that monitors (with NSA support) foreign communications traffic and puts out a daily classified summary for interagency consumption.

In October 1997 the report was forbidden to be published by court verdict from the USA because it contains secret information not for public publishing.

JPRS-NEA-89-043
23 JUNE 1989 FBIS/NOFORN/

8JULY 1988>TEHRAN>0800
MEHRABAD> PRESENT> HAMID REZA NAQQASHAN/ MUHMUD HASHEMI RAFSANJANI OFFICIALS INFORMED OF ARRIVAL OF PRIVATE PLANE. NAQQASHAN IS SEEN SITTING IN A MERCEDEZ AT 0830 WITH AHMAD JIBRIL. THEY ARE FOLLOWED BY MAHMUD HASHEMI FAFSANJANI IN ANOTHER MERCEDEZ WITH THREE COMPANIONS OF JIBRIL. THEY SET OUT AT A CONSPICUOUS SPEED. 0930 THEY ENTER MANZARIYYAH CAMP WHERE THE GUESTS ARE ACCOMMODATED IN A SPECIAL SUITE.

9JULY 1988>MANZARIYYAH CAMP>0730>
THREE CARS LEAVE MANZARIYYAH CAMP AND TRAVEL TO JUMARAN, RESIDENCE OF AYATOLLAH KHOMEINI. WITHIN ONE HALF HOUR WALI AND HIS LEGAL EXPERT (FAQIH) RECEIVE THE USULI MUSLIM MARXIST PALESTINIAN FREEDOM FIGHTER (MUNADIL) COMRADE.

WHILE JIBRIL KNEELS DOWN TO KISS THE RIGHT HAND OF ROHOLLAH MUSAVI KHOMEINI, MOHTASHEMI, MINISTER OF INTERIOR, WHO WAS ACCOMPANYING JIBRIL IN HIS VISIT TO JUMARAN, SAYS: "OUR BROTHER AHMAD HAS COME TO INFORM YOUR EMINENCE THAT HE IS PREPARED TO SUPPORT US IN TAKING REVENGE ON AMERICA, THE GREAT SATAN."

THE MEETING LASTED NO MORE THAN FIVE MINUTES. JIBRIL IS INFORMED BY MOHSTASHEMI AFTER THE MEETING THAT ROHOLLAH WAS IMPRESSED BY HIM AND THAT HIS SPECIAL PROVIDENCE WOULD PERVADE THE POPULAR FRONT FOR THE LIBERATION OF PALESTINE (GENERAL COMMAND).

12JULY 1988 >
JIBRIL RETURNED TO BEIRUT VIA DAMASCUS. HE REPORTS TO SYRIAN OFFICIALS THE MEETINGS IN TEHRAN.

28 JULY 1988 >
FIVE LEBANESE AND PALESTINIAN GROUPS ARRIVE IN TEHRAN ABOARD A PRIVATE IRANIAN PLANE FROM DAMASCUS.

THE GROUPS WERE COMPOSED OF SEVENTY INDIVIDUALS, SOME IDENTIFIED AS ABBAS MUSAVI, HUSAYN MUSAVI, ALI HAMADI, AHMAD AL-MEGNIYYAH, ALI AL-IFFI, IBRAHIM AL- AMIN, ALI SHAMS, BU FADI, AHMAD AL-UMLAH, ABU MUHAMMAD AL-NAJAFI.

AFTER A VISIT TO THE TOMB OF THE EIGHTH IMAM OF THE SHIITE IMAMAS, ALI IBN MUSA AL-REZA, IN MASHAD CITY, THE MEMBERS SET OUT BY BUS FOR VAKIL ABAD CAMP, LOCATED TO THE NORTHWEST OF MASHHAD CITY.

15 AUGUST 1988>
IRAN AIR FLIGHT 54 (747) TRANSPORTED A LEBANESE AND A PALESTINIAN TO DAMASCUS AFTER THEY HAD SPENT THEIR SPECIAL TRAINING PERIOD IN VAKIL ABAD CAMP, WHERE THE YOUTHS OF ALLAH ARE TRAINED IN THE ARTS OF HIGHJACKING PLANES AND BOMBING MILITARY AND INDUSTRIAL COMPOUNDS.

28 AUGUST 1988>
AHMAD JIBRIL RETURNED TO TEHRAN WITH FIVE SUPPORTERS. THEY WERE TRANSPORTED FROM MEHRABAD AIRPORT TO LALEH HOTEL ( FORMALLY INTERCONTINENTAL) WHERE THEY SPENT THREE DAYS DURING WHICH THEY MET WITH MINISTER OF INTERIOR AND THE COMMANDER OF THE REVOLUTIONARY GUARDS, MOHSEN REZA I, AND HEAD OF INTELLIGENCE SERVICE NAQQASHAN.

JIBRIL SPOKE OF THE DIFFICULTIES FACING HIS GROUP AND GROUPS INVOLVED IN THE PROJECT OF HIGHJACKING AMERICAN PLANES, IN VIEW OF INCREASED SECURITY AT WORLD AIRPORTS. JIBRIL PROPOSES THAT THE PROJECT SHOULD BE REPLACED BY ANOTHER PROJECT THAT CALLED FOR THE HITTING AND BOMBING AMERICAN PLANES IN AREAS NEAR THE FOLLOWING AIRPORTS: ATHENS, LARNAKA, COPENHAGEN AND HELSINKI. THIS WAS FOLLOWED BY A LONG DISCUSSION, AND A DECISION WAS MADE TO TAKE ON A THOROUGH INVESTIGATION OF HITTING AND BOMBING AMERICAN PLANES.

04 SEPTEMBER 1988>
JIBRIL MET WITH THE CHARGE D'AFFAIRES OF IRAN IN BEIRUT, HUSSEIN NIKNAM (ABU AHMAD), WHO INFORMED HIM THAT HIS FRIENDS IN TEHRAN PREFERRED BOMBING AMERICAN PASSENGER PLANES WITH THEIR PASSENGERS AND IF POSSIBLE, BY BOMBING THE AIRCRAFT WHILE IT WAS LANDING OR TAKING OFF.

07 SEPTEMBER 1988>
HUSSEIN NIKNAM, ACCOMPANIED BY MOHSEN ARMIN (HEAD OF IRANIAN INTELLIGENCE), SET OUT FOR SHEIKH ABDALLAH BARRACK IN BAALBAK FROM BEIRUT. THERE THEY MET AHMAD JIBRIL AND SHEIKH IBRAHIM AL-AMIN AND SHEIKH SUBHI AL- TUFAYLI AND THREE ARMENIANS FROM AMONG THOSE WHO WORK WITH JIBRIL,

IN ADDITION TO A TURKISH ENGINEER WHO ARRIVED IN BAALBAK TWO DAYS EARLIER VIA DAMASCUS ON A MOROCCAN PASSPORT. NIKNAM INTRODUCED THE TURKISH ENGINEER TO JIBRIL UNDER THE NAME RASHID MEHMET, AS HIS HIZBOLLA CONTACT IN WEST GERMANY AND A TECHNICAL ENGINEER AT FRANKFURT AIRPORT.

14 SEPTEMBER, 1988>
A MEETING WAS HELD AT THE HOUSE OF THE MINISTER OF THE INTERIOR ALI AKBAR MOHTASHEMI ON AFRIQIYA STREET IN TEHRAN. THIS MEETING WAS ATTENDED BY THE REPRESENTATIVE OF AHMAD JIBRIL, SALAH MUHAMMAD, IN ADDITION TO IMAD AL MEGHNIYYEH WHO HAD BEEN RESIDING IN TEHRAN SINCE HIS EXIT FROM THE KUWAITI AIRCRAFT HIGHJACKED TO MASHHAD IN IRAN THE PREVIOUS YEAR.

THE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE TURKISH HIZBOLLA IN IRAN, NAMED MUHAMMAD AL HATIMI, ALSO ATTENDED THE MEETING TOGETHER WITH A MEMBER OF THE SECRET ARMENIAN ARMY "HAYRO KARBATIAN".

DURING THE MEETING, THE LATEST CHANGES REGARDING THE FIRST PROJECT WERE DISCUSSED. MOHTASHEMI REDIVIDED THE ROLES DURING THIS MEETING.

HIS PLAN WAS AS FOLLOWS: OPERATIONS COMMITTEE TO INCLUDE: HAMID REZA NAQQASHAN, MOHSEN REZA''L,AHMAD JIBRIL, ABRAHIM AL-AMIN.

COORDINATING COMMITTEE AMONG THE PARTICIPANTS TO INCLUDE: ABRAHIM ABU SAHLAN (PALESTINIAN), ''IMAD AL MEGHNIYYEH (LEBANESE), MUHAMMAD HATIMI (TURKISH), MOHSEN ARMIN (IRANIAN), ABU FADI (PALESTINIAN), ''ALI HAMADI )LEBANESE.

EXECUTING COMMITTEE: TO CARRY OUT THE OPERATION TO INCLUDE: THE TURKISH ENGINEER RASHID MEHMET, THE ARMENIAN HAYRO KARABTIAN, AHMAD AL MEGHNIYYEH AND REZA KHASKAR (HEAD OF REVOLUTIONARY GUARDS IN LEBANON ). INCLUDED WERE EIGHT LEBANESE AND PALESTINIANS WHO HAD BEEN TRAINED BEFOREHAND IN TEHRAN. THREE PERSONS WERE NAMED WHO WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR GIVING THE GREEN LIGHT FOR THE EXECUTION OF THE OPERATION: RASUL QASSAB QARA''I IRANIAN CONSUL IN FRANKFURT, MANOUCHEHER TALE'' MASULEH (PERSON RESPONSIBLE FOR INTELLIGENCE IN SWITZERLAND WHO HAD BEEN EXPELLED BY THE SWISS AUTHORITIES TWO MONTHS EARLIER (JULY, 1988), AND BI AZAR SHIRAZI AMBASSADOR TO GREECE. ANOTHER NAME WAS LATER ADDED TO THE LIST: DANESH YAZDI, IRANIAN AMBASSADOR TO SWEDEN.

27 SEPTEMBER, 1988>
AHMAD JIBRIL INFORMED MOHSEN ARMIN (HEAD OF IRANIAN INTELLIGENCE IN BEIRUT ) OF THE ARRIVAL OF NINE SPECIAL GROUPS FOR THE EXECUTION OF THE "DIFFICULT TASK" IN THE FOLLOWING CITIES: FRANKFURT, HELSINKI, COPENHAGEN, LARNAKA, ATHENS, OSLO, BANGKOK, SINGAPORE, AND KARACHI. EACH GROUP WAS COMPOSED OF THREE PERSONS. THEY WERE TO CONTACT THE TERRORIST CELL IN PLACE IN EACH COUNTRY. HELSINKI CELL COMMANDED BY HIZB ALLAH. ATHENS CELL COMMANDED BY NURI MOFIDI (CHAUFFEUR OF BIAZAR SHIRAZI) MOHTASHEMI ANNOUNCED THE OPERATION WOULD BE INTEKAM (REVENGE).

04 OCTOBER, 1988>
DENMARK AUTHORITIES RECEIVED NUMEROUS REPORTS INDICATING THE PRESENCE OF A TERRORIST CELL AMONG THE IRANIAN REFUGEES AND SOME IRAQIS WHO TEHRAN HAD RECRUITED AND SENT TO DENMARK TO REQUEST POLITICAL ASYLUM.

08 OCTOBER, 1988>
AUTHORITIES IN BANGKOK DISCOVERED A LARGE QUANTITY OF EXPLOSIVES IN A PLACE NEAR THE AIRPORT

12 OCTOBER, 1988>
AN URGENT CABLE SENT BY MOHSEN ARMIN, ARRIVED FROM BEIRUT TO TEHRAN. IT CONTAINED A PIECE OF NEWS ABOUT THE ARRIVAL OF A SPECIAL SHIPMENT TO THE DESIGNATED AREAS:

15 DECEMBER, 1988>
THE IRANIAN EMBASSY IN BEIRUT HOSTED A CONFERENCE TITLED: INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE IN SUPPORT OF THE PALESTINIAN INTIFADAH, AT THE CARLTON HOTEL. THE AMERICAN AGENTS IN BEIRUT FOLLOWED THE AGENDA OF THIS CONFERENCE CLOSELY AND SCRUTINIZED THE IDENTITY OF ALL ITS PARTICIPANTS, IDENTIFIED AS: AHMAD JIBRIL, ABU MUSA, ABU FADI, IBRAHIM AL AMIN, ABU MUHAMMAD AL NAJAFI, AHMAD HASSAN MEHNA, SA''ID SHA''BAN AND ''ALI ''AMMAR WERE AMONG THE PROMINENT FACES. THE CONCLUDING STATEMENT CONTAINED A SUBTLE REFERENCE TO THE APPROACHING OF THE ORDAINED REVENGE ON AMERICA FOR ITS CRIME AGAINST THE IRANIAN CIVILIAN PLACE OVER THE PERSIAN GULF IN THE BEGINNING OF THE PREVIOUS SUMMER.

20 DECEMBER, 1988>
ENGINEER RASHID MEHMET AND TWO OF HIS COMRADES RECEIVED A SPECIAL CARGO FROM HAYRO KARABTIAN IN FRANKFURT. ON THE SAME DAY RASID MEHMET RECEIVED THE GREEN LIGHT FOR EXECUTING THE OPERATION FROM RASUL QASSAB QARA''I.

THE MORNING OF DECEMBER 21 WAS CHOSEN, AFTER THE IRANIAN EMBASSY IN BEIRUT CONFIRMED THAT FIVE AMERICAN INTELLIGENCE AGENTS WERE SETTING OUT FOR AMERICA VIA FRANKFURT VIA PAN AM. THE UNSUSPECTING COURIER HAD TRAVELED FROM SWEDEN THE PREVIOUS WEEK, AND WAS TO BE USED AS THE CONDUIT TO PLACE THE DEVICE ABOARD. THE SUITCASE CONTAINING THE DEVICE WAS ATTACHED TO THE COURIER'S BAGGAGE AFTER HE CHECKED IN.

IN THIS WAY, THE BAG WOULD NOT BE TRACEABLE. THE COURIER, A LEBANESE, CAME FROM A FAMILY OF HEROIN PRODUCERS IN HERMAL WHO OPPOSED HIZBOLLA. HE WAS TRICKED IN THINKING HE WAS ONLY A MULE FOR A NORMAL DRUG SHIPMENT TO BE USED BY HIS AMERICAN CONTACTS. HE HAD BEEN INSTRUCTED THAT HIS AMERICAN GUIDE WOULD MEET HIM ABOARD THE FLIGHT.

21 DECEMBER, 1988>
THE AMERICAN PASSENGER PLANE FELL OVER LOCKERBIE. WHILE AN UNKNOWN GROUP IN BEIRUT, UNDER THE NAME OF ISLAMIC REVOLUTIONARY GUARDS ANNOUNCED RESPONSIBILITY. THE IRANIAN MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS VEHEMENTLY DENIED THE REPORTS THAT IRAN WAS BEHIND THE OPERATION. IN BEIRUT.

AMHAD JIBRIL RECEIVED THE FINAL PORTION OF HIS TEN MILLION DOLLAR PAYMENT. IN LARNAKA, CYPRUS, THE IRANIAN CHARGE D'AFFAIRES RECEIVED RASHID MEHMET WHEN HE ARRIVED WITH A GERMAN PASSPORT IN LARNAKA AFTER HAVING PERFORMED HIS MISSION.


ISRAELI REPORT ON DEATH OF AMIRAM NIR

http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/5260/amiram.html

Notes:
Report received January 15, 2000
Irangate - drugs and arms - McKee and Gannon - the death of an Israeli agent
Mr. Nir was a member of President Bush's Terrorist Task Force in 1985 together with Oliver North and Oliver Revell! Do the bells ring ?


-1-   pages 1-10

secret

Tel Aviv
May 30, 1994

Mr. NIR, Amiram
Nov 10, 1950, Tel Aviv, Israel

A/K/A  NIR, Yet

A/K/A  “Weber, Pat”, codename
A/K/A  “Mr. Miller”, codename
A/K/A  “Mr. Suez”, codename

A:Insertion

COUNT ONE, INTRODUKTION

    The report on the covert relationship between Israel and the U.S. would not be complete without a chapter on Mr. Amiram Nir, who has in his time served as bothe the counter-terrorism advisor to former Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres and as the pointman for Mr. Oliver North in the Iran-Contra deals. Because of his untimely death in a mysterious plane crash on December 1st, 1988 in Mexico, the world may never find out the whole story behind Irangate. Yet Nir, perhaps more than any other player in the scandal, knew things that would have embarrassed, if not put behind bars, numerous American and Israeli leaders.

   At the time of his death Mr. Nir was said to be in Mexico on “unspecified business”. It was also rumored that he was involved in a plot to corner the world´s avocado marked, had sold arms to the Mexican government, and faked his own death.

   Four months later, in March 1989, West German arms merchant Mr. Hermann Moll added to the mystery when he told the German-based Middle East Insider that the CIA sabotaged the aircraft because Mr. Nir “knew too much”. Mr. Moll explained, that Nir was privy to details of South American drug cartel´s involvement with White House efforts to supply the Contras. He further claimed that Nir had extensive knowledge of how $ 15 million in profits from arms-sales to Iran had disappeared from secret bank accounts in Switzerland and wounded up in Contra hands.

   At the age of 34, Amiram Nir was put into the newly created post of Advisor over the Israeli government in late 1984. He had previously served as party spokesperson, campaign manager in Peres´failed 1977 bid for premiership, and then later as a military reporter for Israeli Television.

   Although he had achieved the rank of lieutenant colonel in the Israeli Defence Forces, had gone through an intelligence course, the Mossad balked at his political appointment claiming he was not qualified for the post of Counterterrorism Advisor. Perhaps he wasn´t, but it´s believed that Peres needed someone from outside the traditional ranks of the Israeli intelligence community to coordinate future arms sales to Iran, and Nir fit that bill.

   When the story of secret dealings between the U.S. and Iran in the Lebanese journal, Al Shiraa in November 1986, Mr. Oliver North wanted Mr. Nir to take the blame for the division scheme, but Mr. Nir refused. After resigning from government service in March 1987, Nir apparently opened a London-based regional sales office for an unidentified Israeli security firm. Friends of his said he was also involved in both arms and oil contracts in Mexico.

   One story, ( which I believe was deliberately planted to create cover for Mr. Nir) was published in Newsweek in August 1989 and contended Nucal de Mexico, which purchased an avocado-packing plant in Urupan, in the Mexican state of Michoacan.

   Local exporters in Urupan became riled when they discovered that Nucal was shipping between 16 and 20 tons a week and controlling more than a third of the export marked. They claimed Nucal was part of a scheme cooked up by the Israeli government, which already controls 80 percent of the European avocado market, to corner the world avocado market by selling at a temporary loss to European importers.

   A Nucal employee, Carlos Mendez Vega, admits to “escorting” Mr. Nir around while he was on “avocado business” and the head of Nucal, Israeliborn Mr. Avraham Cohen, told the weekly that Mr. Nir had interviewed him for that job, implying that Mr. Nir was his boss or part owner in the firm.

   Mr. Nir arrived in Mexico City from Madrid on November 28th and immediately flew to Urupan with an unidentified Italian partner. According to the Michoacan state attorney general´s office, when Mr. Nir chartered the two-engine T210 Cessna from the Aerotaxis de Urupan commuter ailine, he identifie himself as “Mr. Pat Weber” (Nir´s codename in the IRAN-CONTRA AFFAIR” Nir was Mr. Miller). Federal Judicial Police commander in Urupan Mr. Jose Luis said Mr. Nir used his own name at the hotel he stayed in.

   The police report revealed there were two other passengers in the aircraft. The pilot, Guillermo Guahonte, and a 25 year old mysterious Canadian woman, Adriana Stanton, survived. A fourth passenger, Mr. Pedro Espionoza Hurtado, whose circumstances for being on the plane never ascertained, died instantaniously.

   Ms. Stanton registered for the flight under the name “Ester Arriaga” but an inspector at the departure wing at the airport declared that both Mr. Nir and Ms. Stanton used their real names. A few days after the crash Mr. David Goan, whose father is Nissim Goan, a Swiss-based Jewish millionaire and one of the owners of Nucal, confirmed that Ms. Stanton worked for hi9s company in the quality control department. Mr. Nir, he said, did not. He would not confirm whether Mr. Nir owned a share of the firm nor what his relation, if any, he had to it.

   When asked at her hospital room about her connection to Mr. Nir, Ms. Stanton told The Associated Press “it was a coincidence, we shared the same plane.”
On an unscheduled flight ?

   Mr. Icauro Guitarroz, a spokesman for the Michoacan state Attorney General´s office said that Ms. Stanton was serving as Mr. Nir´s “guide”. Juan Manuel Ortea, an inspector at the Uruapan airport, told police Ms. Stanton was employed as Mr. Nir´s “secretary”.

   Mr. Pedro Cruchet, an Argentinian citizen living in Uruapan illegally and employed by Nucal, initially identified and recovered Mr. Nir´s body for the police although he couldn´t explain how he happened to be near the crash site. When asked to prove his own identity, he claimed he´d lost his ID at a bull-fight. Mr. Nir´s body was then whisked back to Israel and quickly buried without an autopsy.

   When a young woman asnwered the door to a Washington Post reporter at Ms. Stanton´s hospital room she indicated that Mr. Cruchet was present. When she went to get him another woman appeared at the door and told the journalist that Mr. Cruchet wasn´t there and that she had never heard of him. The second woman reiterated that Ms. Stanton´s presence on Mr. Nir´s rented Cesna had been “purely a coincidence” and that Ms. Stanton had no connection with “the Israeli”. She refused to identify herself other than to say she was in Mexico as a tourist from Argentina.

   Mr. John Picton, a feature reporter from The Tornto Star who investigated the plane crash was tld by U.S. Intelligence sources that they had information leading them to believe that Mr. Nir wasn´t dead and had undergone a face-lift in Geneva “where the clinics are ver good, very private and very discreet” and would be able to disguise his identity. When Mr. Picton told that to Ms. Stanton´s in her Toronto home she replied: “That´s strange. It´s the second time we´ve heard that.”  She wouldn´t reveal the other source to Mr. Picton or confirm whether her daughter spoke to Picton or confirm whether she did or did not work for Nucal or Mr. Nir.

   Considering the mystery surrounding his presence in Mexico and the aliases he and Ms. Stanton used, perhaps avocados were not the only commodity Mr. Nir was peddling.  When asked by the Hebrew daily Yediot Aharonot in the spring of 1987 if after leaving government he might enter the arms business, he replied: “I´ve had enough of missiles.” Had he ? “I´,m going into other types of business.” He declared. Did he ?

   A eek after the crash the Long Island-based daily Newsweek reported that U.S. intelligence sources in Mexico believed Mr. Nir to be the middle-man for large arms deal of Israeli weapons passing via a port in Vera Cruz on the eastern coast of Mexico. It quoted American drug enforcement agency officials as saying that there had been a steep rise in the efforts of cocaine smugglers to transport drugs from Michoacan to the U.S. and that three weeks prior to Mr. Nir´s visit a captain in the Mexican army confirmed that a “large shipment” of Israeli made weapons arrived at the Vera Cruz port and was transported to Mexico City. The sale was made, according to the captain, by a group of Israeli arms dealers, not the Israeli government.

   If Mr. Nir was killed in Mexico, before he got on the plane, as most investigators of the incident seem to believe, it is likely he was silenced for what he knew about soon to be inaugurated President George Bush. When Bob Woodward of The Washington Post interviewed Mr. Nir in London six month before he was killed, Mr. Nir said he was considering the best way to sell his side of the story, as “only half of the IRAN-CONTRA AFFAIR had been made public”. Mr. Nir then asked him not to publish any parts of the interview until he got the go ahead. When Mr. Woodward contacted Mr. Nir again in early October he was told that he was still not ready to go public!

   Other then perhaps Mr. Shimon Peres, Mr. Nir knew more than any other Israeli about the quantity and types of arms which were sent to Iran, how much was paid, where the money went, and who pofited from the sales. The Israeli government confiscated all of his notes and papers, which were never to be made public, and cotained records of Mr. Nir´s discussions and meetings with American and Iranian officials. The Israeli government also forbade him from answering questions to the U.S. Justice Department and congressional committees. In fact, despite his key role, he is the only player in the Iran-Contra affair who never publicly testified, or even commented on his role to the press.

   His silence may never have been due more to selfinterest than selfless discretion. Mr. Nir remained in government after the rotation of the Prime Ministership from Shimon Peres to Yizhak Shamir in Octobet 1986. In March 1987, after telling his new boss that he was taking a vacation in London, he instead flew to Geneva.

   There at the luxury Reserve Hotel, he met with Mr. Ghobanifar. The Saudi billionaire Mr. Adnan Kashoggi, who provided the financing in earlier arms sales to Iran, was also registered at the hotel.

   That same week, by coincidence, Mr. Albert Hakim, a close business associate of general Secord who would eventually be found guilty of the misdemeanor of “supplementing” Mr. Oliver North´s government salary, was also in Geneva. It is believed that Mr. Ghobanifar held accounts at the Credit Suisse Bank, the bank Mr. Kashoggi used to finance two or more arms sales to Iran, and also the bank North, Mr. Hakim and Mr. Secord used to process Iran arms sales profits.

   One month later Israeli intelligence sources discovered that an official of Credit Suisse bank resigned after his contacts with Mr. Kashoggi and Mr. Ghorbanifar were revealed. Did these bank records show that someone in the Israeli acted as a conduit to pass part or all of the $ 3,5 million in profits to the Contras ? Dod Mr. Nir personally profit from the deals (as it is widely believed that Mr. Secord and Mr Hakim did ?) Were they making another deal ?

   Those same bank records in Switzerland could have become a nightmare for certain Israeli government and never allowed Mr. Nir (or Schwimmer and Nimrodi) to testify before congressional investigations. Was Mr. Peres worried that Mr. Nir would disclose that it was his role in the diversion of money from the Iranian arms sales to the Contras or that he personally authorized the establishment of the fund to initiate covert anti-terrorist operations ?

   Indeed, Mr. Nir knew a great dela about U.S. and Israeli arms sales to Iran, because he was the intersection everyone’s activities passed through. He must have known who set up the Swiss accounts, who controlled them, and how much to middlemen like Mr. Ghobanifar and Mr. Secord. He sat in on crucual meetings in Teheran, Frankfurt, Washington, Tel Aviv and London. He knew about all the covert operations and where the money originated from to fund them.

   In an interview with Yediot Aharonot after leaving office in March 1987, Mr. Nir said that Mr. Shamir went out of his way to protect Mr. Nir’s name end reputation in Israel and in the U.S. Mr. Peres, on the other hand, simply “left him to the dogs”. He added, “the moment you need support from him, (Mr. Peres) vanishes.”

   This remark, in context as part of the one public statement he ever made about Iran-Contra, says a mouthful.

   Mr. Dov Yudkovsky, then editor-in-chief of Yediot Aharonot as well as Mr. Nir’s father-in-law, pressured Mr. Peres to give Mr. Nir a position in the government.  Mr. Nir had worked hard on Mr. peres election campaign in 1984 and felt he deserved the position of cabinet secretray. When that spot was given to Mr. Yossi Beilin, Mr. Yudkovsky kept asking Mr. peres to find something else for Mr. Nir to do.

   From November 1984 to December 1985 Mr. Nir spent his time trying to build contacts in the intelligence field. As an outsider, this wasn’t an easy task, but according to a close aide of Mr. Peres, Mr. Nimrod Novik, Mr. Nir was creative and dynamic. He sought out areas that others weren’t interested in. Mr. Peres had him contacting businessmen and diplomats to pick up any information he could.

   Although Mr. Nir wasn’t part of the usual Israeli intelligence nerwork, he became privy to documents which explained all sensitive details of the American-Israeli covert relationship since the early 1980s. Knowledge of these operations may have led directly to his death.

   While many investigators of Mr. Nir’s death have surmised that the CIA was behind Mr. Nir’s death, so far only one man familiar with CIA activities has broken his silence. He is Lieutenant Commander Robert J. Hunt. In June 1993 Mr. Hunt began providing information to investigator/author Rodney Stitch, author of the books Defrauding America and Unfriendly Skies about CIA scandals and cover-ups during the 1980s. Mr. Hunt gave Mr. Stitch simple documentation on his secret work for the CIA, and of his work for THE MOSSAD.  In a letter published in Mr. Stitch’s book dated October 4th, 1993, the Consulate General of Israel in Chicago, Yaacov Nir (no relation), confirmed that Mr. Hunt was involved in the now famous May 1986y secret trip to Teheran which included Mr. Amiram Nir. Mr. Hunt was also involved in Operation Cappucino, which sent TOW missiles from the U.S. to Iran to secure the release of American hostage Mr. Ben Weiss.

   Mr. Hunt claims the CIA killed Mr. Amiram Nir in Mexico. He says he first met him at the King David Hotel in Jerusalem on July 29th, 1986 while guarding the Vice-President George Bush at the meeting mentioned in the section on Bush’s Iran Contra involvement. Mr. Nir briefed Bush about the ongoing sale of U.S. arms via Israel to Iran. Mr. Hunt discovered later that Mr. Nir was secretly taping the entire conversation. Mr. Hunt says Mr. Nir was killed when Bush found out that Mr. Nir had recorded the conversation and thus had evidence linking Bush to the arms for hostages deal.

   At the same meeting, Mr. Nir outlined for Bush efforts taken throughout the past year “to gain release of the hostages, and that a decision still had to been made whether the arms desired by the Iranians would be delivered in seperate shipments or for each hostages as they were released.”

   Mr. Hunt says that also in attendance at the meeting were two assets of the CIA, Mr. Charles McKee and Mr. Matthew Gannon, both subsequently killed on board Pan Am Flight 103, which was blown up over Scotland Lockerbie. A number of investigative journalists have claimed that Mr. Charles McKee and Mr. Matthew Gannon were the primary targets of the Pan Am 103 bombing. Mr. Hunt says that pres. Bush discovered that Mr. Nir had secretly tape recorded the meeting and was planning to expose the activities involving Bush and arms sale to Iran. which also would have exposed many high level U.S. officials. The decision was then taken to kill Mr. Nir.

   At CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia, mr. Hunt had met with Mr. Oliver North and asked him what had happened to Mr. Amiram Nir. Mr. North told him that Mr. Nir was killed “because he threatened to go public with the recording of the Jerusalem meeting in 1986.”

(paper missing!)

….that the Contra leadership received direct funding from major drug dealers, and that someone of the Contra leaders themselves have been directly involved in drug trafficking.

   Pilot George Morales says that after he was indicted in the spring of 1984 for drug trafficking, he was approached by Contra leaders offering him “a deal”. If he set up a contra-drug-smuggling operation, his indictment would be “taken care of by people in Vice president Bush’s office”. He agreed and flew weapons to Mr. John Hull’s ranch (a liaison to the Contras), and retourned with narcotics. (CBS West 57th St., April 6, 1987)

   Mr. Morales said that his planes landed at Hull’s ranch in Costa Rica.

   Mr. Gary Betzner, one of Mr. Morales’s pilots, said that he himself took two tons of small aircraft weapons and returned to Florida with a thousand kilos of cocaine. In March 1986 another pilot, Mr. Michael Tolliver, flew 28,000 pounds of weapons to Honduras and returned to South Florida with 25,360 pounds of marihuana. (Newsday, April 6, 1987)

   “I smuggled my share of illegal substances, but I also smuggled my share of weapons to the Contras in exchange, with the full knowledge and assistance of the DEA Drug Enforcement Agency and the CIA.”,  Betzner claims. (Newsweek, January 26, 1987)

   The cocaine originated from Pablo Escobar and Mr. Jorge Ochoa, Colombian drug traffickers who worked with the Medillin cocaine cartel. The drugs were shipped to Mr. John Hull’s ranch, then sent on to the United States, Mr. Ramon Milian Rodriguez, chief accountant of the Colombian Medellin cocaine cartel, currently serving a 43 year prison for money laundering, told CBS News and the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee that he personally arranged to have $ 10 million of Colombian drug money funneled to the Contras from late 1982 through 1985.

   “The cartel figured it was buying a little friendship”, Mr. Milian told congressional investigators. “What the hell is 10 million bucks ? They thought they were going to buy some good will and take a little heat off them.” (Newsday, June 26th, 1987).

   When Congress cut off funding for the Contras in 1984, replacement funds had to be found. Mr. Rodriguez testified that although he had been laundering foreign payments for the CIA up through 1982, the CIA now turned to him again. He says he used Cuban controlled front companies in Miami to funnel the money to the Contras, and that the money pipeline to the Contras was arranged by CIA veteran Mr. felix Rodriguez who would call him and tell him where to drop the money.

   “To have people like me in place that can be used, is marvelous for them”, Mr. Rodriguez points out. “The agency, and quite rightly so, has things that they have to do which they never admit to an oversight committee, all right, and the only way they can fund these things is through drug money or through illicit money that they can get their hands on in some way.”

   General Paul Gorman, the commander of the U.S. southern command in Panama from 1982 to 1985, adds: “If one wants to organize an armed resistance or an armed undertaking for any purpose, the best place to get the money, the easy place to get the guns are in the drug world.”

   If Mr. Amiram Nir was threatening to implicate Pres. Bush in operations which linked the White House in million dollars business ties with drug traffickers, it is little wonder that the CIA (i.e. Bush) came to the conclusion that Mr. Nir had to be elimenated.

    Even after Mr. Nir was killed, however, there was still damning evidence that had to be destroyed.  Mr. Nir’s tapes and diaries about U.S. government involvement with drug traffickers were the target of the mysterious burglars who broke into the Tel Aviv subburb home of Judy Nir Moses, Nir’s widow, in late July 1991. The family claims they knew who sent the burglars to break into the house and that tens of recordings and documents were taken which contained information “that would attack certain people.”

   The police said that the thieves did a “clean job” and that nothing else was disturbed and that the thieves knew exactly what they were looking for. There was no sign of break-in and they took no valuables.

   The burglary came at an unusual time, during an Israeli police officials and middlemen were involved in the disappearance of millions of dollars paid by the Iranians for weapons. Also taken were exact details of the financial dealings in all aspects of the Iran Contra affair that Israel was involved in.

   Indeed, Mr. Nir had enemies in Israel who may have wanted his personal papers and diaries destroyed for good. One of them was Mr. Yaacov Nimrodi.

   Mr. Yaacov Nimrodi, an Iraqi-born Jew who spent many years in Teheran advising and training of the Shah’s secret police, became a conduit for the Israeli arms industry to Iran. When Khomeini came to power in the late 1970s, he returned to Israel. As part of the Irangate deals, Mr. Nimrodi was involved in two shipments of missiles in July and August of 1985. Mr. Nimrodi has always claimed that he never made any money from the arms sales, but arranged them for “humanitarian reasons” to help secure the release of Americans held hostage by Shiite groups controlled by Iran.

   In June 1991 an Israeli police investigation was opened to determine if Mr. Nimrodi made a public declaration in a Tel Aviv court stating that he had acted on his own behalf in his arms dealings with the Iranians and thus all the profits from the deals were his. he claimed he earned $ 37 million from the Iranians, but after paying for the missiles and other expenses, says he took a loss on the deal of nearly $ 750,000. (Inside Israel, August 1993)

   The police closed their investigation of Mr. Nimrodi without any of the details made public. Then in March of 1993, Mr. Yizhak Tubiahu, an Israeli businessman living in London, filed papers in a London court contending that he and Mr. Nimrodi had been equal partners in an arms business since 1993, and that Mr. Nimrodi owned him $ 1,7 million from the Irangate sales. Mr. Nimrodi doesn’t deny he was once a business partner of Mr. Tubiahu, but insists Mr. Tubiahu was not involved in the Irangate deals.

   After examining the documents of arms sales which Mr. Nimrodi, Mr. Tubiahu claimed that $ 3,5 million were earned from these transactions, and thus Mr. Nimrodi owed him $ 1,75 million. With interests, the sum amounted to $ 4 million.

   Mr. Tubiahu tried to verify the list of expenses Mr Nimrodi had claimed he incurred, many of which however were “anonymous payments in cash”. When Mr. Tubiahu did track down some of the people who Mr. Nimrodi listed as receiving money for various types of services, they all denied being involved in the affair or even know Mr. Nimrodi.

   Mr. Nimrodi claims that Mr. Tubiahu sent a letter to senior government officials threatening that if he didn’t receive his fair share of the Irangate deals, he would tell all he knew about bribes paid to “certain politicians.”

   Mr. Nir’s papers and recordings may have been stolen for another reason. It is known that from April 1990 through June 1992 until he left office, Prime Minister Shamir’s office had been gathering files and documentation on President Bush’s involvement in Iran Contra. During the entire presidential campaign of 1992 it seemed that not a week went by without some reference about the Iranian arms-for-hostages deal in the U.S. press. Those leaks were coming from Israeli sources in an effort to put pressure Pres. Bush. Mr. Nir’s death at the hands of the CIA, just weeks before Bush took office, was probably what kicked that covert slug-fest off in the first place. American-Israeli relations have never been the same since.

(end)

For more on the death, life and business of Mr. Amiram Nir, go to this page:
 http://www.imt.net/~mtpatriot/pegasus.htm


THE TRUTH ABOUT OLIVER REVELL http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/5260/hartfinal.html

Topic:   Pan Am 103 - the American issue/Columbia Journalism Review 1999/12/21
hart lidov  posted 06-29-98 10:39 AM EDT (US) 
The Pan Am 103 bombing was the largest killing of American civilians by a foreign agents since WWII. Since the bombing occurred over Scotland, on a flight out of Heathrow, the perpetrators are believed to be one or another group of Middle Eastern terrorist/paramilitary groups in the employ of Iran, and the longest lasting response from the US government has been an embargo of Libya - there are certainly aspects that concern citizens and journalists in the UK, Europe and the Middle East.

All aspects of the Lockerbie deserved attention, but there are some aspects which deserve the particular attention of Americans. These will not be addressed by people and press elsewher. It is these uniquely American topics, the ones that are close to home - literally in our backyard - that have been most abysmally ignored or covered up by the US media. For those for whom justice in the Pan Am 103/Lockerbie case is anything more than a matter of money, a clear exposition of the roles of the likes of George Bush, Oliver Revell, and the way their ends were served by turning a blind eye to the Lockerbie attack may be the only justice that is possible. To anyone who has followed US-Iran relations over the last several years it is obvious that the the people who literally “ordered” the Pan Am 103 bombing are beyond the reach of the US - indeed it is unrealistic to suppose that they will ever be held accountable. Khomeni, Mohtashemi, Assad, and Khaddaffi did not take an oath of office to protect us - officials of the US government did. (That US officials are indemnified against civil damages resulting from their failure to carry out that duty is of overwhelming importance to plaintiff’s lawyers - but not to anyone else.)

WHAT HAPPENED IN THE STATE DEPARTMENT BETWEEN JULY AND DECEMBER 1988? 

It would be an invaluable luxury to be able to begin any consideration of Lockerbie by knowing who carried out the bombing, how it was done and ultimately at whose request. This is the way that many journalists would like to tackle any story. Unfortunately there is only a reasonably strong suggestion of the answer to the last question, and no credible evidence for the first two questions. The two chapters in Sam Katz’s book on Ahmed Jibril are as good a summary of what is know as any, but as Katz points out paramilitary terrorists generally take their secrets and deeds to their graves. In the case of Lockerbie there are innumerable theories, no indisputable proof that any one is correct, and no reason to assume that situation will change at any specific time in the future. Thus any discussion that is predicated on knowing who precisely carried out the bombing is essentially a dead end. The answer may be known by the intelligence services of any of several countries, but it may not be. If it is there is no reason to expect that it will be divulged except as it suits other political purposes in what may be a very long fullness of time.

In the absence of this information are there questions that the press could have addressed - yes, lots of them. Who had an interest in seeing the Pan Am 103 bombing succeed? What do the few facts have become public since Dec. 21 1988 add up to? Did the US security services take appropriate actions in light of what was known? What can be inferred was known based on actions - as opposed to public statements about “what was known”? None of these questions have been addressed by American journalists, or if they have it is in the manner of Michael Wines of the NY Times who like a weathercock points in which ever direction the State Department is blowing, or Steve Emerson, whose continued relationship with Oliver Revell (at least as late as Emerson's WSJ article “Stop Aid and Comfort for Patrons of Terror” 8/5/96) make his reporting of a story in which Revell may in fact be a central culprit, unreliable. No independent American investigative journalists has gotten into print looking at the domestic or US government aspects of the disaster. 
 

Why revisit this question now? The basic facts were mostly obvious in 1989 after reading the list of passengers and John Newhouse’s The New Yorker (7/ 10/ 89) article which described the meticulous care which US agents had previously combed the passengers and baggage of a flight subject to a serious bomb threat. Back in 1989 maybe security precluded Newhouse revealing that similar, unsuccessful efforts were made to protect Pan Am 103 but 10 years later there is still not the shred of a suggestion that anything was done, and “security considerations” simply don’t wash as an explaination. One must give serious consideration to the possibility that nothing was done. I wrote a tiny letter to the NY Times (4/15/90) suggesting “We ought to better understand our own Government's role in the Lockerbie disaster” - when all the attention was on “who did it” and “airline security”. Over the next 8 years another scattered additional facts have come out that point which make this question even more reasonable than in 1989 - although they have not been reported in the US press since 1992 - and it is only with the availability of the WWW that anybody but a dedicated journalist, which I am not, could find the additional pieces. 

I will make the scenerio that I believe makes the best possible account of the facts that are know clear from the outset:

1. The US ,that is the Reagan/Bush administration had opened covert relations with Iran possibly prior to the 1980 election in the affair subsequently known as the “October Surprise”, and certainly had covert dealings with Iran from 1981 to 1986 in the events that were subsequently known as “Iran-Contra”.(From what has become known about Reagan’s medical condition I believe that it is a reasonable presumption that George Bush was effectively functioning as President in any way that is relevant to the present discussion from 1980 - 1992; an attempt to distinguish a Reagan policy from a Bush policy is unnecessary. Specifically Bush chaired Reagan’s Terrorism Task Force which included Oliver North and Oliver Revell, and hatched many intrigues of the Iran-Contra affair.) Essentially the relationship with Iran has continued to develop - no longer covert- right up to the present. US-Iran relations since the ouster of the Shah have never been better than they are today. Anyone who doubts the current status need only look at the articles in the 6/21/98 NY Times on US vs Iran soccer and the falling apart of the U.S.-Saudi Inquiry Into '96 Bombing Al-Khobar tower bombing because “evidence suggesting that Iran sponsored the attack has further complicated the investigation, since the United States and Saudi Arabia have recently sought to improve relations with a new, relatively moderate government in Tehran”. I have no problem with this; anything else is probably unrealistic.

2. This relationship was done considerable harm in July 1988 with the ghastly shootdown of an Iranian civilian Airbus by the USS Vincennes. Iran expert Gary Sick told the Wall Street Journal in regard to the nascent dialogue between the US and Iran following the Airbus incident"Whatever prospects there were have gone glimmering." July 6 [1988], Washington, Reuter. (Sick - who is a career Iran-specialist - has never been willing to comment on any connection between Iran and Lockerbie. Presumably he thinks there is no connection or that it will “go away” if he does not talk about it.)

3. Islamic “tribal law” requires taliation - “eye for an eye” justice. Frank Vogel - the Harvard expert on Islamic law said, in reply to a query on this topic, that such “blood revenge” is part of tribal custom, not proper Islamic law. However he indicated that “such tribal revenge has its basis in tribal customs, not Islam. It can be very real and obligatory, nonetheless.Tribal law is a competitor of Islamic law (in countries applying the traditional law) and of positive law for countries that have western-inspired penal codes, as most do. Tribal law may work in lawless conditions or by compromise or settlements winked at by the State.” I would suggest that after the Airbus shootdown the willingness of the fundamentalist Islamic Iranian state to willing to “wink” is not farfetched. David Halevy - an Israeli journalist who is the author of a well regarded study of the PLO and Middle East terrorism, told me in conversation, some 8 years ago, that an Islamic country would feel obligated to obtain “blood revenge” for the Airbus killings - that this went without saying, and that he found it unimaginable that the US State Department Middle East experts were not well aware of this. Were the truth lies is not proven, but reports that Iran paid $10 million to arrange the bombing, and that Reagan/Bush now had a covert diplomatic partner bent on or obligated to deliver revenge seem plausible. 
 

4. In July 1988 Khomeni was in fact only the moderate faction - the one with whom the Reagan/Bush team had been able to work some deals. There is no reason to suppose that if relations were mended Reagan/Bush were not hoping for more and better things to come. Joel Bainerman has suggested that Bush hoped for Iranian help in freeing the hostages held by Iranian backed groups in Lebanon in 1988. So there were profitable deals to be done in the immediate future, and of course there is the long-standing interest the oil community, precisely George Bush’s background, has always had in Iranian and Caspian oil. Unfortunately extreme though Khomeni was, then Iranian Interior Minister Ali Akbar Mohtashemi represented a more hard-line anti-US faction. Guys with whom Bush might not be able to swing deals - the same faction that is now making more moderate President Mohammad Khatami’s life difficult. So the question is whether if Khomeni failed to deliver the “blood revenge” required by custom he might not have been replaced by the more hard-line faction. (It would be interesting to know what someone knowledgeable about US/Iran relations would say about this - but frank apologists like Gary Sick or Robin Wright have no commitment to truth, just realpolitik. Without exception they avoid comments which might imply a connection between Lockerbie and Iran - the sort of politically motivated rewriting of history that Western journalists and academics used to criticize in the Soviets.)

5. Suppose then that Iran was going to obtain “blood revenge” - Iran did not have a USS Vincennes with which to shoot down an American plane, but they had more than adequate capability to get a bomb on an American airplane - even if it took many attempts. If so, Reagan/Bush, presuming they wished to maximize their ability to continue making deals with Iran, could play either of two options - let the score get settled whenever and wherever the Iranians chose - ie succeeded in getting a bomb on a plane - or striking a deal to be warned, and to turn a blind eye. The information would only be used to make sure that the sacrificed plane carried “expendable” people - not State Department employees, government officials of any country with an intelligence service that might expose the “deal”, or dependents of government officials, and not a fully loaded 747 (which would have carried 300-500 people) but just the minimum number needed to satisfy Iran. That is a precise description of Pan Am 103 - despite being the US flag carrier, normally used by the State Department, returning to the US at peak travel time 3 days before Christmas - as some have said “a remarkable coincidence”. 
 

What do I mean by “non-expendable people”? In a general way all of the State Department people who would ordinarily have been booked on a flight from Europe to the US three days before Christmas. Those people where "non-expendable" not because they were particularly important but because they presumably had friends and even spouses who worked in the State Department, and while State Department people can in general be counted on to be team players and not to leak information about the warnings the State Department had (which came out later) or what I believe was quite treacherous behavior - they could not be counted on not to be uncooperative if their immediate friends or family were sacrificed. And those are the people who would have access and ability to leak awkward material - as the Germans did later in 1989. A particular example of the kind of thing that the State Department wanted to avoid can be seen in John F. Root - whose wife was killed - and he was quite unwilling to be quiet, in fact downright disruptive, persisted in asking James A.Baker III all sorts of awkward questions in unpolitic circumstances. Root was a lawyer, but he was no more unbalanced than many of the people in the State Department would have been if “the firm” had patched up a little glitch by sacrificing their spouse or child. Root was only the son of a former State Department employee and did not actually have access to any information. He is a good example of what could have happened if State Department employees had been treated as "expendable". Pan Am 103 was loaded with 259 people who did not present that kind of risk.
 

6. What would this deal have looked like to the inner Reagan/Bush circle in October 1998 ? Pretty good, so long as it was kept secret and deniable. The only precedent in 1988 as to how the job would look if done by a reasonably competent professional - presumably what could be hired for $10 million - was the Air-India Flight 192 lost over the Irish Sea in 1985. (And as a worst case nightmare if the Iranians simply struck were they could it might be as costly as the the August 1985 Japan Air Lines 747 accident, which killed 520 people). Almost no forensic evidence was recovered from the Air India crash at sea - and though it is generally accepted that it was a bombing - the perpetrators have never been apprehended and it can be argued that even the fact that it was a bombing remains a circumstantial conclusion some 13 years later (see Allan Edwards, Flights to Oblivion, p 162, where he comments that as of 1993 there Air India bombing was still listed as a “structural failure” by civil aviation authorities. Strangely, this was precisely the term used by Oliver Revell - 5 days after the Pan Am bombing. I think that the identical terminology is significant.) This I submit was what Pan Am 103 was supposed to look like. 
Both Pan Am and Oliver Revell were primed for the story that it was “either structural failure or a bomb”. In fact there was the completely unpredictable turn that take off from Heathrow was delayed by an hour, the plane took a longer than usual course over dry land, reaching the preset altitude over Lockerbie, and resulting in all of that awkward evidence for examination - the one thing that Revell and company did not expect, a large amount of forensically examinable material. Five days after the bombing “Eric Newton, a leading British air-disaster expert, said yesterday that he was surprised that no physical evidence has been found. In a phone interview, he said that if an explosive device was involved in the Pan Am disaster, investigators would have been expected to have uncovered some indication by now”(Newsday December 26, 1988) - the last thing in the world that the Air India would have suggested would be available. My belief is that Revell’s statement in the Newsday article, 5 days after the crash, that there was no evidence of a bomb and that it appeared to be “structural failure” was a last attempt to stick to the comment that would have been irrefutable if the plane had only exploded, like the Air India flight, over the sea. Much of what has transpired subsequently has had to do with finding a culprit on whom to lay the blame - the only country that could not be blamed was Iran - since I am suggesting that the highest priority for Reagan,Bush, and their obliging servant Revell was to smooth out relations with Iran. The Libyans had it laid at their doorstep. Will Iran, the US or the UK let Al Megrahi and Khalifa appear alive in court? The US and UK intransigence on venue would suggest not. On one hand I do not think anyone has produced any evidence that this was primarily the Libyan’s doing - but I don’t think that if at the last moment for example a PFLP-GC/Ahmed Jibril operation ran into trouble it is impossible that Libyan intelligence agents might have given them a hand. In the real world Western intelligence services would probably cooperated with each other, against say the Russians or East Germans, and it is unlikely that Thatcher, Bush, or to continue the analogue Khaddaffi would have been consulted.

7. If this scenario is what happened it explains a lot - the US secrecy and failure to have any inquiry into how the US intelligence services failed to protect against what is the largest killing of American civilians by what even the US acknowledges was a foreign government. It is a stark contrast - Clinton’s sex life, the failure of the CIA to predict the Indian nuclear tests, and the Khobar towers terrorist attack - which killed all of 19 soldiers (although the NY Times 6/21/98 seems to suggest that out of deference to Iran this investigation is being stopped by the US State Department) - all have received much closer scrutiny both officially and by the press than Lockerbie. No US journalist has written anything on this obvious aspect of the case. All of the important pieces of information have been leaked in Germany, repeated in the UK press, and early on, finally reluctantly reported in the US press. In the last several years (since about 1995) relevant items don’t even get into the US press - the Channel 4 revelation about Revell’s son, the information about Thurman, and recently the questions raised by Edwin Bollier. It seems a strange cascade of information about something that even US journalists seem reluctantly to admit was an attack on the US. Well maybe it was not an attack in the usual sense, but very astute, politically useful if treacherous betrayal - that went slightly wrong.

This, not the carrying on about Palestinian, Syrian or Libyan “foot-soldiers” is the real issue. What US journalists like Robin
Wright and Shaul Bakhash (Foreign Policy, Fall,1997) along with editorials in the WSJ, and the writings of Gary Sick make clear why Iran has too big a market and has too many petrodollars to isolate or ignore and that was true in 1988. Even then Iran was too important to hold accountable and Texan oilman George Bush switched blame to Syria as part of his inauguration and later, in the interests of the Gulf War, to that most convenient scapegoat Libya, were it rests today. In fact it was a clever strategy - Libya will never turn over the agents - the Iranians, British and Americans would be lining up to make sure that they never appeared in court - which would risk upsetting the mutually beneficial and improving relations between Iran and the US, and so long as there is a pending criminal case, the US can deny anyone access to any information, indefinitely.

IS OLIVER REVELL THE “HANDS ON” AMERICAN CULPRIT ? 

Oliver Revell was executive assistant director of the FBI and the man responsible for counter-terrorism in 1988. Something that seems to have escaped - can that be ? all journalists who have ever written on Pan Am 103 is that Revell was already involved in defending the Reagan/Bush camp in connection with the Iran-Contra affair in 1986(Nation, 7/18/87). Revell was certainly one of the people in the best position to know the aims of Iranian backed terrorists, and if our government had an interest in stopping them, Revell would have been a key player. When in October 1988 the German police apprehended terrorist who may have actually planned the Lockerbie bombing Revell must have been aware and he subsequently referred to it as the “bumbling of the German police”. In October 1988 the FAA inspected the security facilities of Pan Am in Frankfurt(NYT 9/17/89). Our government had the best available account of what security there could or could not be expected to deal with - in the same month that Revell was looking at photographs of the barometrically triggered bomb taken from PFLP-GC terrorists in Frankfurt. In that light it is interesting that much of what has ever been reported in the US media about US Government activities in relation to Pan Am 103 and Lockerbie came from Revell. In 1995 Revell appears to have acknowledged in print that his own son was scheduled to travel home on leave for Christmas on Pan Am 103 and unexpectedly had his trip moved back by two weeks, saving him from the ill-fated flight (Living Marxism issue 81, July/August 1995 - that is how far out the press has to be to do anything but tote the State Department line on Pan Am 103!). The US government had received the famous Helsinki warning on December 5, two days before young Revell's leave was moved up. This is the same warning which was disseminated to US embassies across Europe and then declared a hoax after FBI agents, Revell's subordinates, paid a visit to Helsinki (Washington Post, 1/6/89). In nine years no journalist in the US has gotten into print examining the Pan Am 103 investigation without using Revell as a source, and not surprisingly these connections have never been noted. 

A review of Revell’s statements to the press - with the hindsight of what we know now was the real state of knowledge at the time he made statements to the press, as well as Revell's own actions are revealing.

1) Los Angeles Times 1/ 14/ 1987, 
“SAID IT COULD BLOW LID OFF ARMS DEAL; 
NORTH WARNING TO FBI ON PROBE OF AIRLINE ALLEGED” 
By Ronald J. Ostrow, Times Staff Writer 

“Lt. Col. Oliver L. North warned the FBI in early October that its investigation of Southern Air Transport, a former CIA company then linked to arms deliveries to the Nicaraguan contras, could blow the lid off secret U.S. arms shipments to Iran, government officials said Tuesday. 

On Oct. 8, shortly after the crash in Nicaragua of an American plane carrying supplies to the contras, North telephoned OLIVER B. (BUCK) REVELL,executive assistant director of the FBI in charge of investigations, to caution him about the FBI's investigation of Southern Air Transport. 

North reminded Revell that an anti-terrorism task force on which they both served had been told the previous summer of the Iran arms sales, sources said.”

> this is one of many published items indicating Revell involvement with the Iran-Contra group - available to any interested journalists who subsequently used Revell as a source on Pan Am 103 (that includes Robin Wright and Ostrow himself, LA Times 5/12/89).

2) Newsday December 26, 1988, 
Bomb Theory Questioned; No evidence at site of plane crash 
BY:Peter Marks. Newsday Staff Correspondent 
DATELINE: Lockerbie, Scotland 

A top FBI official said yesterday that authorities have not found any physical evidence that sabotage led to Wednesday's crash of a Pan Am Boeing 747 jet, killing all 258 passengers and crew and at least 11 villagers. 

The remarks on U.S. Television by OLIVER REVELL, executive assistant director of the FBI, supported recent statements by local officials who say they have yet to find any evidence of a bomb among the wreckage, strewn over more than 100 square miles of southern Scotland. 

Eric Newton, a leading British air-disaster expert, said yesterday that he was surprised that no physical evidence has been found. In a phone interview, he said that if an explosive device was involved in the Pan Am disaster, investigators would have been expected to have uncovered some
indication by now. 

"If there was a large bomb - to bring this aircraft down, you must have a large bomb - I would think they would have found some physical evidence by now," said Newton, who led great Britain's investigation of the 1985 crash of an Air-India boeing 747 into the Irish sea. Three hundred twenty-nine persons were killed. 

REVELL was asked on CBS-TV's "Face The Nation" yesterday about the recent assertions by Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Arens that there had been solid intelligence gathered about a planned terrorist attack on a Pan Am jet. Arens made the comment after it was reported that the U.S. Embassy in Helsinki received a telephone warning DEC. 5 about a possible attack on a Pan Am airliner. The call later was identified to be a hoax. 

"To my knowledge, we know everything they know," Revell said, referring to Israeli officials. "We have nothing that would indicate that." 

He also disputed published reports that the CIA's Beirut station chief was aboard the jet. On Saturday, two unnamed U.S. officials had told The Associated Press that the unidentified station chief was aboard the plane. One of those two officials told the AP again yesterday that despite Revell's denial, the station chief was on the Pan Am flight. 

The State Department has confirmed that three of its employees, including a security officer and a political officer in Beirut, were killed in the crash. The CIA often gives its operatives State Department jobs as a cover. 

> We now know that US agents and helicopters were all over the Lockerbie crash site within 2 hours of the bombing( Mr. Tam Dalyell, UK Parliament Commons,7/23/97) . Revell’s statement that after 5 days of examining the wreckage there was no “evidence that sabotage” would seem, in the absence of a credible explaination of why his information seemed to lag days behind UK air-disaster experts, to be an outright lie - and one may speculate that he was still considering whether a suggestion of “structural failure” might still be plausible. I would suggest that had Pan Am 103 gone down over the sea - as it would have if it had taken off on time, and perhaps as Revell anticipated, it would remain like Air India 192 - twelve years later not unequivocally proven to be a bombing. I can say from personal experience that on the night of Dec. 21, 1988 Pan Am personnel were ascribing the crash to “a bomb or structural failure”. It would be another 9 years before TWA 800 - the first midair explosion of a Boeing 747 for reasons of “structural failure”, of a rather different sort. Even after Pan Am 103 the idea of a midair disintegration of a 747 was a difficult story to sell - in 1988 it was without precident, but it was a feeble attempt to preserve the Bush byword - deniability. In addition to surveying the wreckage it is believed that the US agents who arrived within hours at Lockerbie were looking for the possessions of the Gannon, McKee and other CIA agents on board. On this point too one must wonder if, 5 days later, Revell was again lying. Both David Halevy and Sam Katz suggest that the Israeli’s may indeed have prior information relating to the Iranian plan - and they both blame Ahmed Jibril, Syria and Iran; there is no suggestion that this was not available to US intelligence agencies. Finally we know that Revell own son had rebooked off Pan Am 103 two days after the “hoax” Helsinki warning.
 

3) The Washington Post 1/ 6,/ 1989,
Finns Convinced Call About Pan Am Bombing Was Grisly Hoax 
BY: Edward Cody, Washington Post Foreign Service 
“Washington immediately after the Dec. 21 crash DISPATCHED FBI AGENTS TO HELSINKI to
monitor yet another Finnish investigation into the telephone warnings -- the fifth since January 1988. By this time, a senior Finnish security official said, police here knew the target of the denunciations well and were fairly certain they also knew the identity of the caller. . . . 

The fact that the Dec. 5 denunciation to the U.S. Embassy was tantalizingly close to what actually occurred over Scotland two weeks later, the Finnish official declared, seems to have been only "an unhappy coincidence" in which a hoax ran parallel to an actual event. . . . The FBI has announced that it accepts the Finnish conclusions.” 

> so these are Revell’s subordinates who after the event, and after the dissemination of the warnings to US embassies in Europe, and perhaps even Revell’s use of the information to save his son - visit Helsinki and announce that the warnings are a “hoax”. Steve Emerson strongly supports the contention in his book and derides the unwillingness of family members to accept it as a coincidence. Interestingly convicted PFLP-GC bombmaker, Abu Talb subsequently turned up in Scandinavia - specifically Sweden. It is only worth noting that that a lot rested for the US government and for Revell personally - that the warning disseminated to European embassies and received two days before the fortuitous change in Revell’s son’s flight plans be a “hoax”. His minions returned with the “right” answer.
 

“Oliver 'Buck' Revell, leader of the FBI investigation, was asked how it was that Revell's own son had so luckily escaped flying on Flight 103, when he had been booked on it. The film claims that key personnel knew there was a bomb on the flight and canceled their bookings. . . . .His alibi for his son's escape was that he had been given leave two weeks earlier than planned, and so missed the fateful flight. Everybody agreed it was a fortunate coincidence. “
Reproduced from Channel 4 /Hemar Enterprises, London/ Living Marxism issue 81, July/August 1995

>interestingly this story never appeared in the US or even interested US journalists - yet if it were untrue the UK is a notoriously easy country to sue for libel - but inquires to both
LM and Channel 4 have not revealed that the item was ever disputed. A participant indicated that in addition to the story as written young Revell was on leave from US military. An assistant director of the FBI would not have to do much to get leave shifted.

Revell deserves close scrutiny because he was the right man in the right place at the right time. He was the top FBI anti-terrorism officer between July 1988 and December. All of those photographs from the BKA and the Helsinki warnings (and who knows what else) would have gone through him. And he was the Iran-Contra crowds top man in the FBI. So if they saw their interests best served by “turning a blind eye” - Oliver “Buck” Revell was the man to take care of the details. It is only the final twist that he appears to have used the information to get his own son off Pan Am 103. And it seems blackly ironic that Revell was then the man to - as he says himself - conduct the investigation into the Pan Am 103 bombing, and dole out information to the press. His life was only made difficult by the unexpected bombing over dry land, and then the occasional leak of information such as “Autumn Leaves” by the West Germans when they were cross for other reasons.
 

It is not clear that Revell was the only US security agent who may have been involved (although so far he is the only one who may have used the Helsinki warning to get his own relative off the doomed plane). John Deutch, recent head of the CIA (Foreign Policy, Fall,1997) touted the interagency Counter Terrorist Center, established in 1986, as "a model of interagency cooperation" and the best type of organization to deal with international government backed “terrorism”. What did they do with the German warnings,the Helsinki warnings, the radio intercepts from Beirut(NYT 5/23/89), and the knowledge that Iran had a grievous score to settle after the U.S.S.Vincennes incident - apparently nothing. When ask, Deutch - an MIT professor and university provost, author of several hundred scholarly papers - could manage “interesting”. 
 

In nine years nothing has come to light to suggest that the US government had any interest in stopping the attack on the Pan Am airliner or doing anything but re-establishing relations with Iran, at the lowest possible cost to State Department employees. However the deed was done, a detail which is really irrelevant (and if Bush and Revell were acting like good covert operators - the last thing they would ever have wanted to know), in the absence of any evidence to the contrary the most parsimonious explaination is that the US intelligence services elected to “turn a blind eye”. And for those who wonder - well what could have been done - they should read John Newhouse’s article on Lockerbie (New Yorker 7/10/89) - informed of course by Revell - and see what the US security agencies could do with a lot less warning - if they wanted to! Ten years later I don’t think that the absolute absence of any evidence of any effort to do anything but get those
“non-expendable” people off the flight washes as a “national security” issue. The Newhouse article was full of details - and surely ten years later revelation of any of those extra precautions that which if they existed in the Pan Am 103 situation were so unsuccessful, cannot still be a matter requiring total secrecy. No - the facts speak for themselves - nothing was done, because stopping the bombing was not in the real interests of Reagan, Bush, or Oliver Revell - only manipulating who got sacrificed was. (Or to turn the question around - having permitted the largest killing of American civilians by a foreign government since the WWII to occur “on their watch” - can anyone cite any damage done to Reagan, Bush, Oliver Revell, or anyone in the State Department; no, maybe just a little scrambling for “damage control”, but nothing more.)

Nor is Revell the only US government spokesman who appears to have misleaded the press.

Consider (Washington Post 4/26/1992)
"At the time of the indictment[of Libya], Assistant Attorney General Robert S. Mueller III said that "we have no evidence linking Syria to this bombing. We have no evidence linking Iran to this bombing."

but at the same time

http://www.halcyon.com/blackbox/hw/panam103.txt
Lockerbie bomb link to Iranian reported
U.S. spy agency document revealed
Seattle Times, 24 January 1995, LONDON - A U.S. National Security Agency report says the deadly 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 was financed by a former Iranian interior minister...Ayatollah Ali Akbar Mohtashemi paid $10 million in cash and gold to have the bombing carried out.. . . . the agency's report was written during the 1991 Gulf War.

> There is certainly a conflict buried here. In the absence of some convincing evidence that Robert S. Mueller
III, was issuing an indictment without knowing about the 1991 NSA report of a year earlier, not a very likely suggestion for a DoJ Assistant Attorney involved in preparing this indictment, one must wonder if this was simple bald faced lying.

However since all that has appeared in the US press was in the Seattle Times article in 1995, “The Guardian said the agency's report was written during the 1991 Gulf War and was declassified after a Freedom of Information Act request by lawyers representing insurers of the defunct Pan American airline”. - it is unclear what precisely happened. The lawyers declassified version of the NSA document was leaked and reported on in half a dozen English papers in 1995 but Pan Am’s lawyers presumably had the declassified version in 1992 or earlier - a year after it was prepared - since the case was lost in July 1992. Perhaps Mr.Mueller was busy indicting Libya without even enough security clearance to see the 1991 NSA report that directly contradicted him - in which case the government set him up to look like a liar, possibly better than the alternative, being one. And of course the American public did not get to hear about this for three more year - and then because it was leaked to the UK press. A perfect epitome of the US press has covered this Pan Am 103. And the document itself, even in its declassified form remains unavailable.

I think that close reading of the statements of Richard Boucher (State Department) and Samuel Skinner (Bush’s Sec’t of Transportation) when compared with the chronology of what the FBI and CIA knew about the bombings and warnings also turn out to be “damage control” - and similar incongruities and not the unvarnished truth. But this is tough work - and not something that any US journalist has undertaken.

Contrary to the plucky statement by a relative of one of the 19 service men killed at Al-Khobar "Ignoring us doesn't make us go away" - for Pan Am 103, with 5 times longer, and 25 times more people killed, all civilians, the opposite is proving true. Oliver Revell lives happily with an unblemished reputation running his security consulting firm and getting the occasional TV interview, George Bush frequently graces the pages of the NY Times, and his son is a front runner for the next Republican Presidential nomination. Basically Reagan, Bush, and Revell got away with it.

WHAT HAS HAPPENED TO THE PRESS ?

The American press - particularly the major papers have made every effort to expunge Pan Am 103, not to mention the connection with
Iran, altogether. It is politically expedient self-censorship. A high-level Iranian defector in Germany in 1997 implicated the Iranian government in initiating the Pan Am bombing and it was reported in the German press and secondarily in the English Guardian (7/14/97), but has never been mentioned at all in American papers. No one has followed up interviews with State Department personal from 1988 - how did they get home for Christmas ...were all the planes half empty and selling half price tickets - or just Pan Am 103? None of the information in the Frontline Scotland "Silence Over Lockerbie" (http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/5260/silence.html) or Paul Foot & John Ashton’s Guardian (7/29/1995)”Inside Story: Body Of Evidence” has ever appeared in the US press. 
Among all of the American investigative journalists who get into mainstream press in this country, not one has not one wondered in print about a connection between Bush, Iran, Oliver Revell, and an unpaid debt after the Vincennes incident? 

What happened to the Prime Time interview(11/30/89)of US Moscow Embassy Consular Assistant Karen Decker - never followed up.
ABC won’t even acknowledge requests for transcripts of that interview. Pierre Salinger describes, in his memoir “P.S.” how the UK authorities (he believes at the request of the US) got ABC to agree turn over all of his interview material in relation to Lockerbie.

And what does a professional media critic say (Steve Brill, A.J. Liebling & AJR have not touched this one - and nor has CJR except to throw one “dart” at Steve Emerson!)

The best there is the self-important mealy mouthed nonsense of Joan Deppa’s book “The Media and Disasters:Pan Am 103”- by an academic journalist no less! There are only two types of story about Pan Am 103 in the US. Deppa herself recognizes, in the introduction, that “this particular disaster was international in the ultimate sense of the word: it seemed from the outset to be aimed at an American airliner, probably in retribution for some action by the US government” but the book that follows ignores the whole question of the US government response, was it adequate, was the investigation by the US press adequate, how and why in this essentially American disaster the US press mustered nothing more than “sob stories” and mouthing the information handed to them by Reagan/Bush spokesmen like Oliver Revell. How is it that any attempts to produce stories other than the “State Department version”, especially in the US, have been stifled or quietly withdrawn. The watchdog - which is the most important role of the media functioning at its best - was muzzled from the start; how did it happen? That is the real media issue - the one that is particular to Pan Am 103. Deppa systematically devotes separate sections to every conceivable reaction, families, police, journalists, but the government, which she acknowledges is at the heart of the issue, gets a few dishwater pages late in the book that say nothing incisive or new. This is passed off as analysis.

The Pan Am bombing was not an accident - so it rarely appears as a "airline accident", and when it terrorist attacks on the US are tabulated it is generally avoided as “foreign”. It was not as Joan Deppa treats it, natural occurrence - like the Grand Forks flood, the Northridge earthquake, or even some airline disasters, but she evades issues by using the Pan Am bombing as thought it were. One a just another natural disaster is pretty much like another. She and journalists like her are an insult the very people who are fodder for their interviews and those who died at Lockerbie. Pan Am 103 was an American disaster - an American plane and largely American dead. The circumstances and number of American civilians killed is without recent precedent. To see the critical issues evaded and turned into the mush of politic rhetoric is a disgrace. Andrew Revkin (NYT 12/14/97) could not even get the year right - the type of error for which the NYT used to issue corrections (NY Times, 11/15/95) - but Lockerbie is so forgotten and unimportant that they didn't bother anymore - IT IS GOING AWAY. 
 

There are hints as to why the press has failed. One part of the explanation of why there has never been an exploration of the US intelligence agencies in relation to Lockerbie may be, by implication, a lecture by William M. Baker, the CIA's chief spokesman during the investigation of the Lockerbie bombing (NYT 2/25/89) given at Harvard University, July 27, 1989, on "Restraining the Media at the CIA" with specific examples of stories killed at the Wall Street Journal, New York Times and Washington Post. Joel Bainerman, who regularly gets access to mainstream press, wrote a book with a single chapter on Lockerbie and suggested that covert Bush deal gone bad might have contributed to Lockerbie; he had to settle for a house with standards barely above that of a comic book publisher because "I took it to many, all turned it down, most saying they were worried about getting sued". Its a far from flawless book, but is densely referenced, and actually says very little that had not been published elsewhere. Its value is really as a compendium of scattered items in the press, but whether it says anything so scabrous that it would have produced a lawsuit is arguable. 

And there is the response of a former US Attorney General - outside the time frame of Lockerbie - who expressed the pious hope that even FBI and CIA agents were "cold blooded but not that cold blooded",that he doubted my suggestion but felt it could not be proved or disproved, and most important - that “even if it were true, it is highly unlikely that this could ever be established by the evidence: in that event, the interests of the U.S. government in suppressing the facts would be enormous” - and he cited a case in which involved only a single death but in which he felt this had happened. And this appears to be precisely what has happened in relation to Lockerbie. Certainly, as many people have noted the the UK and the US have for 10 years made sure that no evidence of what went on in any part of the either governments in connection with Lockerbie has ever surfaced. I believe the former AG knew what he was talk

hart lidov posted 06-29-98 10:43 AM EDT (US) Click Here to See the Profile for hart lidovEdit Message
former AG knew what he was talking about - but perhaps underrated just how cold blooded Reagan/Bush henchmen might be. 
 

But journalists are not lawyers and they are allowed to speculate - within the bounds of not saying what they know to be false or with “reckless disregard for the truth”. It is long overdue that a good hard look at the circumstantial evidence - an unsentimental, unbiased, and yes even unpatriotic look, be taken at the big picture and ask whose interests were served, who stood to profit and who to loose, and see where it points.
 

I contend that, contrary to a reasonable but unthinking first response, the ugly truth, the one that like the “emperors new cloths” no one has spoken, is that Bush, the Iran-Contra crowd, and Oliver Revell had something specific to gain from not preventing the Pan Am 103 bombing, and they made sure that they had nothing to loose. But after almost 10 years all that has appeared are the “interview the sobbing relatives” stories and the “whodunit story” overdone and repeated without end. By contrast there has not been a single article examining the role of the US government in relation to Lockerbie. Even the "whodunit" stories have almost without exception been the “US State Department version” (which has shifted with the political winds). The only reporting - good or bad, has appeared in fringe press in Europe and the unverifiable mire of the internet. Is Steve Emerson (3/18/90) and John Newhouse (New Yorker 7/10/89) taking dog biscuits from Oliver Revell really the best that American journalism can manage? Is there simply a hierarchy of government scandals - the “Monica” cases - which are utterly inconsequential, and can get covered to death, events like Watergate, which was in substance relatively minor and might have been avoided if Nixon had spent less time covering up and a bit more time polishing his relations with the press, and affairs like the "October Surprise" and "Iran-Contra", which appear to have involved real malfeasance - things which if true ought to have produced jail time, but in fact did not cost lives or do real damage (except to the naive persons mistaken faith in the government). And then there are scandals like the Inslaw affair, which may have cost Danny Casolaro his life, or the American contribution to the "dirty wars" in Central America, in which there are strong arguements have been made that inconvenient Americans seem have been killed by "assets" on the payroll of the CIA, - and the coverage for these becomes progressively smaller. Pan Am 103, which may have involved US officials winking at the killing of 270 civilians, looks like a plan that went unpredictably slightly wrong - or we would know even less about it - may be simply too ugly for any respectable journalist or editor.
 

The issue of “the Libyan’s” is a distraction. American press has refused to even carry the European news items which suggest that what little of the American evidence is known may be “doctored”("Silence Over Lockerbie"FRONTLINE SCOTLAND
http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/5260/silence.html). It is not necessary to agree - but that the US press would not even mention the items is simply pusillanimous. Whoever actually planted the Lockerbie bomb was a “foot-soldier”. According to the US State Department in it's current version it was two men who were members of the Libyan intelligence service. Carrying on about turning them over for trial is hypocritical nonsense or a foolish distraction. Would we turn over similar agents to a foreign government - we gave Capt Will Rogers III of the USS Vincennes, who shot down an Iranian Airbus and killed 290 civilians, a medal of merit (for the period of service, not for the incident, LA times;5/28/89). Was that sailor on the USS Vincennes who pushed a button and sent an Aegis miss

hart lidov posted 06-29-98 10:46 AM EDT (US) Click Here to See the Profile for hart lidovEdit Message
Aegis missile off to blow up an unarmed Airbus somehow braver than the terrorist who planted the bomb on Pan Am 103 - I think not - neither was particularly brave. Such talk is just a lot of nationalistic grandstanding. The US uses the high tech weapons at its disposal and lesser countries make do with what they have. “Fair play” is a term that belongs in the schoolyard and has nothing to do with actions like these. Meantime it is difficult to imagine that the US or Britain would like to have “the Libyans” in court, or that Iran would let them appear alive in such a forum considering the potential damage to the gradually thawing relations with that country. The interests of the US, the UK, Syria and Iran are all best served by the permanent legal stalemate that has been carefully preserved. (And it looks like the Al-Khobar investigation is going the same way, for somewhat the same reasons - NY Times 6/21/98).

Perhaps the most telling quote is from the Foot/Ashton Guardian (7/29/95) article - when a member of the President's Commission on Aviation Security and Terrorism is quoted as telling one of the British relatives “Your government and our government knows what happened at Lockerbie. But they are not going to tell you”. That is the challenge the US press should have responded to in this unprecedented American disaster - and in 10 years, and perhaps to its eternal shame, it has failed utterly and miserably.

hart lidov posted 01-27-99 03:00 PM EDT (US) Click Here to See the Profile for hart lidovEdit Message
Well we now have Oliver Revell's dissimulation on the topic of Lockerbie ...his chapter on Lockerbie in his new book "A G-Man's Journal : A Legendary Career Inside the
FBI"

Revell simply pretends that the multiple warnings in November and December 1988 just did not happen. There is every reason to suppose that not only did they go to the US
security agencies (that's what the media said) but that they went through Revell's office. The warnings were described with pictures in Newsweek 4/27/89 and in NY Times
4/18/90. Revell says that such warnings are too numerous to act on ... just to pass to the embassies etc. Nobody has suggested that there are more than 12 - 24 per year of
similar seriousness - not the "hundreds" that Revell throws around. Word and number magic are a Revell specialty ...Lockerbie is a "tragedy" ... nevermind that there are
anti-terrorism officials in the government who have never been heard from and who should have been called to account - years ago. 

He repeats for the umpteenth time the unsubstantiated story that the Dec 5th Helsinki warning was a hoax. The odds that of a random caller - a "hoax" - correctly identifying
one of the thousands of airline flights as a bombing target by chance alone are - ridiculously small, essentially nil. "One year after Flight 103 blast, trail of evidence leads to
Sweden" - Chicago Trib 12/25/89. Abu Talb - initially identified by the shopkeepers in Malta - now its the Libyans - was arrested in Sweden. Did a little coaching from the
investigators Revell is so proud of mould this into something useful in 1992 ?

But the hoax is an idea that makes Revell's story more attractive since it suggests that the warnings which were passed to the embassies (- and possibly to Revell's son Chris ?)
but not to those "unimportant people" was ok - it was a hoax after all. 

In a discussion in 1995 Revell said that his son escaped because he changed his PA 103 booking a couple of weeks before - that is 
precisely the time the Helsinki "hoax" warning - the one Revell says is unconnected - was received. In the present book Revell sanitizes this by changing to "he flew a week
earlier". More coincidence ? 

Pierre Salinger, who is savaged by Revell, was part of the ABC team that got out a little truth - Consular Assistant Karen Decker saying "There was a real push in the Embassy
community to make sure that everybody was aware that there had been a terrorist threat made, and that people flying Western carriers going through such points as Frankfurt
should change their tickets" - while "law enforcement and intelligence" let those seats get filled by students. Revell was the terrorism specialist at the FBI. Lockerbie happened on his watch. Forget about warning the public - 10 years later where are those agents who acted on the warnings and tried and failed ? 

Revell simply disregards the 1992 NSA report that Iran paid more than 10 million dollars for the Lockerbie bombing, the recent debriefing of a high-level Iranian intelligence agent, Abolhassem Mesbahi (this was only reported on German TV and two Canadian papers ...not important enough for American journalists) or Washington Post,
5/11/1989,"CIA has concluded that Iran hired Palestinian faction to blow up the Pan Am Flight 103". Reagan and Bush did deals with Iran, as Iran Contra showed, and
Revell, along with Oliver North, was on the Reagan Terrorism Task Force, chaired by Bush - so Revell does not want to involve Iran; not then or now. Revell has is own
unique way of telling this story too - he was "out of the loop" - just like Bush. 

The accusation that Revell whines about, that the law enforcement or intelligence officers, or Revell himself, may have "indirectly" facilitated the bombing has nothing to do
with the lame Coleman story. That's a nice straw man; Coleman is a guy who copped a plea - his story is irrelevant and more important unsubstantiated. The real issue is the
warnings that went through Revell's office, and who knows were else in our government, and in 10 years there has never been any evidence that they were acted on - even
ineffectually. That no one has ever turned up speaks volumes about what went on; and "official bureaucratic US" profited from it royally - see the incessant complaining by American big business that they are being kept out of the Iranian gold pots. Almost 20 years of thawing US-Iran relations were jeopardized by the Vincennes shoot down; did Revell and his anti-terrorism colleagues, and the State Department take care of their own and then turning a blind eye ? 
 

Revell repeats the MEBO story - but does not acknowledge that for the last several years Bollier has said the timer fragments are NOT from the Libyan timers. Revell says "no one has ever questioned Tom Thurman's ability" - it seems unlikely that Revell is not deeply familiar with the accusations of Fredrick Whitehurst - that cast doubt on the reliability of FBI forensic labs - something that got at the heart of just the investigations that Revell is so proud of. And it was Fredrick Whitehurst who questioned Thurman's ability, in a case
that the Government settled. (Washington Post, 1/29, 1997 "A senior FBI official who helped supervise the crime scenes after the bombings of the Oklahoma City federal
building and New York's World Trade Center was among those removed from their positions following an unusual Justice Department report that criticizes the work of the
bureau's laboratory. David Williams, Tom Thurman, unit chief of the explosives division...".) 

And just in case any journalist wonders how Revell deals with the press he brags that he threatened the BBC with a libel suit when he did not like the turn of their questions.

hart lidov posted 03-19-99 05:31 PM

ON THE HOT SEAT!  VIP'S AND SPOOKS TO BE CALLED BEFORE THE "LOCKERBIE COURT" AT CAMP ZEIST.  THE TRIAL OF THE CENTURY!

Criminal No. 91-0645 (Nov 14, 1991) U.S. DEPT. OF JUSTICE WASH.D.C.
                                    20530 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

                                     THE LORD ADVOCATE, SCOTLAND (NOV 13, 1991)
                                     EDINBURGH

NAME witnesses                                                                     QUESTION LIST
REF NO.

 

Steve Green Assistant Administrator, Office Intelligence DEA Q 094
Oliver Revell jr. Mr.Oliver Revell jr.,son of Mr. Buck Revell, FBI-head investigation for the Lockerbie case, ( changed their fligth PA-103 two weeks before) Q 095
John McCarty US Ambassador, Cyprus Q 096
Michael Hurley DEA attache, Cyprus Q 150
Lester Know Coleman Agent for Def. Intelligence Agency DEA Q 097
Oliver North Former NSC, USA Q 098
George Bush Former US President Q 099
Robert J. Hunt Army Navy Commander (864287BTF) Q 100
Robert Fanning Former legal attache US embassy Bern CH Q 101
Mr. 1XXXXXXX XX Intelligence service USA W 101
Mr. Marchman FBI, Lockerbie investigation WS. I 101
Ms. 2XXXXXXX XX Intelligence service UK Z 105
Tomas Thurman ex. FBI, forensic expert WS Z 104
John Orr Scottish police I 103
Roy Basura Passenger missed his flight PA 103, USA V 106
Mr. 3XXXXXXX CIA Fall Church Minn. USA W 105
Mr. P.L.4XXXXXXX CIA Maryland USA W 106
John Hubbard Captain Pan Am Seattle USA A 100
Kurt Maier Alert Management Frankfurt BRD A 101
Ronald Koch Operation manager Pan Am Frankfurt BRD A 102
Mr. 4XXXXXXXX (ex. government Stasi, DDR) XXX, BRD D 100
alias "Mr. G.XX) (ex. government, Stasi DDR) XXX, BRD D 101
Tony Gautschi Mary House, Malta W 100
Steven Lloyd Manager Holiday Inn Malta W 102
Ifred Borge General Manager Air Malta A 103
Red Rey Fezwalter Granada Television UK W 107
Ing. Ulrich Lumpert Mebo Ltd. Switzerland W 108
Edwin Bollier, VR Mebo Ltd. Switzerland W 109
Dr. David Fieldhouse ex. Scot police, Scotland W 206
Steve Donahue DEA undercover agent C 101
Allan Faraday RARDE, forensic expert GR C 102
Thomas Slowanky DEA ex station Frankfurt C 103
Abu Maged Jiacha Ex. manager of LAA Luqa C 104
Mr. Tam Dalyell Scotland M 266
Vincent Cannistraro ex. CIA, USA M 270
Charles M. Buyer Gander crash-affair, USA M 272
Gerrit Pretorius Reg. South African, ex. secretray, Pik Botha M 280
General Van Tonda ex. intelligence, BOSS, South Africa M 304

**@XXXXX, name confidential, for trial only