PAGE CONTENTS ( Click on topics to go to articles):
CLICK. SMEDLEY BUTLER -
A MEMORIAL DAY TRIBUTE TO A HERO!
Click. OUR SUMMER OF THE TEMPEST
Click. The Secret Financial Network Behind "Wizard" George Soros
Click. CODE ADAM!
CLICK. ALAMEDA COUNTY MAFIA (MEESE TEAM) DISTRICT ATTORNEY WON'T LET INFORMANT HAGGERTY HAVE HIS CAKE AND EAT IT TOO! SUPERVISOR HAGGERTY "UPSET" WITH PROSECUTOR OVER FREMONT BOMBER CASE.
CLICK. PARENTS SUCH AS KIM SWARTZ UNITE WITH OTHER FAMILIES OVER THE PAIN OF THEIR CHILDREN'S DISAPPEARANCE.
CLICK. HARVARD AND THE MAKING OF THE UNABOMBER by Alston Chase © 2000 The Atlantic Monthly, June 2000
MAE BRUSSELL RETURNS --- HOOVER WORKED FOR INTERPOL WHEN HITLER RAN IT? WHO FINANCED REV. MOON?
Click. WHY MARIN DA PAULA KAMENA, NOW SUBJECT TO A RECALL PETITION, WON'T PROTECT THIS ONE PARTICULAR CHILD! San Rafael - Coast Writers Syndicate, 5/17/00 by Phil Graff © 2000
WHO PROTECTS HALEIGH MARDEUSZ?
by Virginia McCullough, BayCities Observer CLICK.
General Butler saved this country from a Coup d' Etat. Were the conspirators the same people or their progeny who would later take away President Kennedy's life in Dallas? Click.
The Knights of Malta were behind the coup d' etat against President Roosevelt. Click.
Smedley Butler's famous speech and pamphlet: War Is A Racket. Click.
Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler by Professor Anthony Sutton. Click.
The Secret Financial Network Behind "Wizard" George Soros
2/12/98 Stefan Lemieszewski © 2000, posted on Free Republic. (Executive Intelligence Review is a LaRouche publication.)
This is another post in the series along the theme that: " Corrupt elites prosper at the people's expense with the aid of the IMF, World Bank and 'shock therapy' policies of Western advisors under the guise of free-trade or democratic or market-reforms."In his article, "Communique of American-Ukrainian Advisory Committee," in the Dec-10-1995 issue of The Ukrainian Weekly, Eugene M. Iwanciw wrote:
"The American-Ukrainian Advisory Committee met in New York on November 17-18 and reiterated its strong conviction that a resilient Ukraine is in the interest of European stability and thus also American security. It welcomed the evident improvement in the American-Ukrainian relationship, especially the recognition by the U.S. government of Ukraine's geopolitical significance. It also endorsed strongly the reform efforts being pursued by the Ukrainian government in order to transform Ukraine into a stable
democracy based on a free market economy."
The American participants of the American-Ukrainian Advisory Committee (AUAC) sponsored by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) included:
Zbigniew Brzezinski (CSIS counselor),
Richard Burt (chairman, International Equity Partners),
Frank Carlucci (chairman, Carlyle Group),
Gen. John Galvin (dean, Fletcher School of International Law and Diplomacy),
Michael Jordan (chairman and CEO, Westinghouse Electric Corp),
Henry Kissinger (chairman, Kissinger Associates) and
George Soros (chairman, Soros Foundations).
Previous American advisers of AUAC included Malcolm Steve Forbes, Jr. (editor-in- chief, Forbes magazine), whose magazine gained some notoriety recently for publishing the "Tinderbox" article by Paul Klebnikov, and Dwayne Orville Andreas (chairman and CEO, Archer Daniels Midland Co.), whose company pleaded guilty last month for anti-trust and price-fixing violations and agreed to pay a $100 million fine---the largest fine of its kind ever.
Also in a previous post it was indicated that at least six of the current
seven American members of AUAC are also members of the Council of Foreign
Relations (CFR), including George Soros.
Previous posts included excerpts on Soros from the 23-page article titled, "The world according to Soros" written by Connie Bruck in the Jan. 23, 1995 issue of The New Yorker. It has also been reported that Soros has contributed $15 million to groups advocating an array of alternatives to the Cinton administration's "War on Drugs," including a personal donation of $350,000 to fund a "medical marijuana" ballot initiative in California and a personal donation of $100,000 for a similar ballot initiative in Arizona.
The following Nov. 1, 1996 article by the Executive Intelligence Review (EIR) provides additional background information on George Soros, one of the American members of AUAC.
The Secret Financial Network Behind "Wizard" George Soros
by William Engdahl,© 1996, EIR Investigation, Executive Intelligence Review (EIR), November 1, 1996
The dossier that follows is based upon a report released on Oct. 1 by EIR's bureau in Wiesbaden, Germany, titled "A Profile of Mega-Speculator George Soros." Research was contributed by Mark Burdman, Elisabeth Hellenbroich, Paolo Raimondi, and Scott Thompson.
Time magazine has characterized financier George Soros as a "modern-day Robin Hood," who robs from the rich to give to the poor countries of eastern Europe and Russia. It claimed that Soros makes huge financial gains by speculating against western central banks, in order to use his profits to help the emerging post-communist economies of eastern Europe and former Soviet Union, to assist them to create what he calls an "Open Society." The Time statement is entirely accurate in the first part, and entirely inaccurate in the second. He robs from rich western countries, and uses his
profits to rob even more savagely from the East, under the cloak of
"philanthropy." His goal is to loot wherever and however he can. Soros has
been called the master manipulator of "hit-and-run capitalism."
As we shall see, what Soros means by "open," is a society that allows him and his financial predator friends to loot the resources and precious assets of former Warsaw Pact economies. By bringing people like Jeffrey Sachs or Sweden's Anders Aslund and their economic shock therapy into these economies, Soros lays the groundwork for buying up the assets of whole regions of the world at dirt-cheap prices.
The man who broke the Bank of England?
An examination of Soros's secretive financial network is vital to understand the true dimension of the "Soros problem" in eastern Europe and other nations.
Following the crisis of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism of September 1992, when the Bank of England was forced to abandon efforts to stabilize the pound sterling, a little-known financial figure emerged from the shadows, to boast that he had personally made over $1 billion in speculation against the British pound. The speculator was the Hungarian-born George Soros, who spent the war in Hungary under false papers working for the Nazi government, identifying and expropriating the property of wealthy fellow Jews. Soros left Hungary after the war, and established American citizenship after some years in London. Today, Soros is based in New York, but that tells little, if anything, of who and what he is.
Following his impressive claims to possession of a "Midas touch," Soros has let his name be publicly used in a blatant attempt to influence world financial markets---an out-of-character act for most financial investors, who prefer to take advantage of situations not yet discovered by rivals, and keep them secret. Soros the financier is as much a political animal, as a financial speculator.
Soros proclaimed in March 1993, with great publicity, that the price of gold was about to rise sharply; he said that he had just gotten "inside information" that China was about to buy huge sums of gold for its booming economy. Soros was able to trigger a rush into buying gold, which caused prices to rise more than 20% over four months, to the highest level since 1991. Typically for Soros, once the fools rushed in to push prices higher, Soros and his friend Sir James Goldsmith secretly began selling their gold at a huge profit.
Then, in early June 1993, Soros proclaimed his intent to force a sell-off in German government bonds in favor of the French, in an open letter to London Times Financial Editor Anatole Kaletsky, in which Soros proclaimed, "Down with the D-Mark!" Soros has at various times attacked the currencies of Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Mexico, coming into newly opened financial markets which have little experience with foreign investors, let alone ones with large funds like Soros. Soros begins buying stocks or bonds in the local market, leading others to naively suppose that he knows
something they do not. As with gold, when the smaller investors begin to follow Soros, driving prices of stocks or whatever higher, Soros begins to sell to the eager new buyers, cashing in his 40% or 100% profits, then exiting the market, and often, the entire country, to seek another target for his speculation. This technique gave rise to the term "hit and run."
What Soros always leaves behind, is a collapsed local market and financial ruin of national investors.
The secret of the Quantum Fund NV
Soros is the visible side of a vast and nasty secret network of private financial interests, controlled by the leading aristocratic and royal families of Europe, centered in the British House of Windsor. This network, called by its members the Club of Isles, was built upon the wreckage of the British Empire after World War II.
Rather than use the powers of the state to achieve their geopolitical goals, a secret cross-linked holding of private financial interests, tied to the old aristocratic oligarchy of western Europe, was developed. It was in many ways modeled on the 17th-century British and Dutch East India Companies. The heart of this Club of the Isles is the financial center of the old British Empire, the City of London. Soros is one of what in medieval days were called Hofjuden, the "Court Jews," who were deployed by the aristocratic families.
The most important of such "Jews who are not Jews," are the Rothschilds, who launched Soros's career. They are members of the Club of the Isles and retainers of the British royal family. This has been true since Amschel Rothschild sold the British Hessian troops to fight against George Washington during the American Revolution.
Soros is American only in his passport. He is a global financial operator, who happens to be in New York, simply because "that's where the money is," as the bank robber Willy Sutton once quipped, when asked why he always robbed banks. Soros speculates in world financial markets through his offshore company, Quantum Fund NV, a private investment fund, or "hedge fund." His hedge fund reportedly manages some $11-14 billion of funds on behalf of its clients, or investors---one of the most prominent of whom is, according to Soros, Britain's Queen Elizabeth, the wealthiest person in Europe.
The Quantum Fund is registered in the tax haven of the Netherlands Antilles, in the Caribbean. This is to avoid paying taxes, as well as to hide the true nature of his investors and what he does with their money.
In order to avoid U.S. government supervision of his financial activities, something normal U.S.-based investment funds must by law agree to in order to operate, Soros moved his legal headquarters to the Caribbean tax haven of Curacao. The Netherlands Antilles has repeatedly been cited by the Task Force on Money Laundering of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) as one of the world's most important centers for laundering illegal proceeds of the Latin American cocaine and other drug traffic. It is a possession of the Netherlands.
Soros has taken care that the none of the 99 individual investors who participate in his various funds is an American national. By U.S. securities law, a hedge fund is limited to no more than 99 highly wealthy individuals, so-called "sophisticated investors." By structuring his investment company as an offshore hedge fund, Soros avoids public scrutiny.
Soros himself is not even on the board of Quantum Fund. Instead, for legal reasons, he serves the Quantum Fund as official "investment adviser," through another company, Soros Fund Management, of New York City. If any demand were to be made of Soros to reveal the details of Quantum Fund's operations, he is able to claim he is "merely its investment adviser." Any competent police investigator looking at the complex legal structure of Soros's businesses would conclude that there is prima facie evidence of
either vast money laundering of illicit funds, or massive illegal tax evasion. Both may be true.
To make it impossible for U.S. tax authorities or other officials to look into the financial dealings of his web of businesses, the board of directors of Quantum Fund NV also includes no American citizens. His directors are Swiss, Italian, and British financiers.
George Soros is part of a tightly knit financial mafia---"mafia," in the sense of a closed masonic-like fraternity of families pursuing common aims. Anyone who dares to criticize Soros or any of his associates, is immediately hit with the charge of being "anti-Semitic"----a criticism which often silences or intimidates genuine critics of Soros's unscrupulous operations.
The Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith considers it a top priority to "protect" Soros from the charges of "anti-Semites" in Hungary and elsewhere in Central Europe, according to ADL National Director Abraham Foxman. The ADL's record of service to the British oligarchy has been amply documented by EIR (e.g. The Ugly Truth About the Anti-Defamation League [Washington, D.C., Executive Intelligence Review: 1992]).
According to knowledgeable U.S. and European investigators, Soros's circle includes indicted metals and commodity speculator and fugitive Marc Rich of Zug, Switzerland and Tel Aviv; secretive Israeli arms and commodity dealer Shaul Eisenberg, and "Dirty Rafi" Eytan, both linked to the financial side of the Israeli Mossad; and, the family of Jacob Lord Rothschild.
Understandably, Soros and the Rothschild interests prefer to keep their connection hidden far from public view, so as to obscure the well-connected friends Soros enjoys in the City of London, the British Foreign Office, Israel, and the U.S. financial establishment. The myth, therefore, has been created, that Soros is a lone financial investment "genius" who, through his sheer personal brilliance in detecting shifts in markets, has become one of the world's most successful speculators. According to those who have done business with him, Soros never makes a major investment move without sensitive insider information.
On the board of directors of Soros's Quantum Fund N.V. is Richard Katz, a Rothschild man who is also on the board of the London N.M. Rothschild and Sons merchant bank, and the head of Rothschild Italia S.p.A. of Milan. Another Rothschild family link to Soros's Quantum Fund is Quantum board member Nils O. Taube, the partner of the London investment group St. James Place Capital, whose major partner is Lord Rothschild. London Times columnist Lord William Rees-Mogg is also on the board of Rothschild's St. James Place Capital.
A frequent business partner of Soros in various speculative deals, including in the 1993 gold manipulation, although not on the Quantum Fund directly, is the Anglo-French speculator Sir James Goldsmith, a cousin of the Rothschild family.
From the very first days when Soros created his own investment fund in 1969, he owed his success to his relation to the Rothschild family banking network. Soros worked in New York in the 1960s for a small private bank close to the Rothschilds, Arnhold & S. Bleichroeder, Inc., a banking family which represented Rothschild interests in Germany during Bismarck's time. To this day, A. & S. Bleichroeder, Inc. remains the Principal Custodian, along with Citibank, of funds of Soros's Quantum Fund. George C. Karlweiss, of Edmond de Rothschild's Switzerland-based Banque Privee SA in Lugano, as well as of the scandal-tainted Rothschild Bank AG of Zurich, gave Soros financial backing. Karlweiss provided some of the vital initial capital and investors
for Soros's Quantum Fund.
Union Banque Privee and the 'Swiss connection'
Another member of the board of Soros's Quantum Fund is the head of one of the most controversial Swiss private banks, Edgar de Picciotto, who has been called "one of the cleverest bankers in Geneva"---and is one of the most scandal-tainted. De Picciotto, from an old Portuguese Jewish trading family, who was born in Lebanon, is head of the Geneva private bank CBI-TDB Union Bancaire Privee, a major player in the gold and offshore hedge funds business. Hedge funds have been identified by international police agencies as the fastest-growing outlet for illegal money laundering today.
De Picciotto is a longtime friend and business associate of banker Edmond Safra, also born in Lebanon, whose family came from Aleppo, Syria, and who now controls the Republic Bank of New York. Republic Bank has been identified in U.S. investigations into Russian organized crime, as the bank involved in transferring billions of U.S. Federal Reserve notes from New York to organized crime-controlled Moscow banks, on behalf of Russian organized crime figures. Safra is under investigation by U.S. and Swiss authorities for laundering Turkish and Columbian drug money. In 1990, Safra's Trade Development Bank (TDB) of Geneva was merged with de Picciotto's CBI to create the CBI-TDB Union Banque Privee. The details of
the merger are shrouded in secrecy to this day. As part of the deal, de Picciotto became a board member of American Express Bank (Switzerland) SA of Geneva, and two American Express Bank of New York executives sit on the board of de Picciotto's Union Banque Privee. Safra had sold his Trade Development Bank to American Express, Inc. in the 1980s. Henry Kissinger sits on the board of American Express, Inc., which has repeatedly been implicated in international money-laundering scandals.
De Picciotto's start as a Geneva banker came from Nicholas Baring of the London Barings Bank, who tapped de Picciotto to run the bank's secret Swiss bank business. Barings has for centuries been private banker to the British royal family, and since the bank's collapse in March 1995, has been overhauled by the Dutch ING Bank, which is reported to be a major money-laundering institution.
De Picciotto is also a longtime business partner of Venetian businessman Carlo De Benedetti, who recently was forced to resign as head of Olivetti Corp. Both persons sit on the board of the Societe Financiere de Geneve investment holding company in Geneva. De Benedetti is under investigation in Italy for suspicion of triggering the collapse of Italy's Banco Ambrosiano in the early 1980s.The head of that bank, Roberto Calvi, was later found hanging from the London Blackfriar's Bridge, in what police believe was a masonic ritual murder.
De Picciotto and his Union Banque Privee have been implicated in numerous drug and illegal money-laundering operations. In November 1994, U.S. federal agents arrested a senior official of de Picciotto's Geneva bank, Jean-Jacques Handali, along with two other UBP officials, on charges of leading a multimillion-dollar drug-money-laundering ring. According to the U.S. Attorney's Office in Miami, Handali and Union Banque Privee were the "Swiss connection" in an international drug-money-laundering ring tied to Colombian and Turkish cocaine and heroin organizations. A close business and
political associate of de Picciotto is a mysterious arm dealer, Helmut Raiser, who is linked in business dealings with reputed Russian organized crime kingpin Grigori Luchansky, who controls the Russian and Swiss holding company Nordex Group.
Another director of Soros's Quantum Fund is Isodoro Albertini, owner of the Milan stock brokerage firm Albertini and Co. Beat Notz of the Geneva Banque Worms is another private banker on the board of Soros's Quantum Fund, as is Alberto Foglia, who is chief of the Lugano, Switzerland Banca del Ceresio. Lugano, just across the Swiss border from Milan, is notorious as the financial secret bank haven for Italian organized crime families, including the heroin mafia behind the 1980s "Pizza Connection" case. The Banca del Ceresio has been one of the secret Swiss banks identified in the recent Italian political corruption scandals as the repository of bribe
funds of several Italian politicians now in prison.
The sponsorship of the Rothschilds
Soros's relation to the Rothschild finance circle represents no ordinary or casual banking connection. It goes a long way to explain the extraordinary success of a mere private speculator, and Soros's uncanny ability to "gamble right" so many times in such high-risk markets. Soros has access to the "insider track" in some of the most important government and private channels in the world.
Since World War II, the Rothschild family, at the heart of the financial apparatus of the Club of the Isles, has gone to great lengths to create a public myth about its own insignificance. The family has spent significant sums cultivating a public image as a family of wealthy, but quiet, "gentlemen," some of whom prefer to cultivate fine French wines, some of whom are devoted to charity.
Since British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour wrote his famous November 1917 letter to Lord Rothschild, expressing official British government backing for establishment of a Palestinian national home for the Jewish people, the Rothschilds were intimately involved in the creation of Israel.
But behind their public facade of a family donating money for projects such as planting trees in the deserts of Israel, N.M. Rothschild of London is at the center of various intelligence operations, and more than once has been linked to the more unsavory elements of international organized crime. The family prefers to keep such links at arm's length, and away from its London headquarters, via its lesser-known outposts such as their Zurich Rothschild Bank AG and Rothschild Italia of Milan, the bank of Soros partner Richard Katz.
N.M. Rothschild is considered by City of London sources to be one of the most influential parts of the British intelligence establishment, tied to the Thatcher "free market" wing of the Tory Party. Rothschild and Sons made huge sums managing for Thatcher the privatization of billions of dollars of British state industry holdings during the 1980s, and today, for John Major's government. Rothschilds is also at the very heart of the world gold trade, being the bank at which twice daily the London Gold Fix is struck by a group of the five most influential gold trade banks. Gold constitutes a
major part of the economy of drug dealings globally.
N.M. Rothschild and Sons is also implicated in some of the filthiest drugs-for-weapons secret intelligence operations. Because it is connected to the highest levels of the British intelligence establishment, Rothschilds managed to evade any prominent mention of its complicity in one of the more sordid black covert intelligence networks, that of the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI). Rothschilds was at the center of the international web of money-laundering banks used during the 1970s and 1980s by Britain's MI-6 and the networks of Col. Oliver North and George Bush, to
finance such projects as the Nicaraguan Contras.
On June 8, 1993 the chairman of the U.S. House of Representatives' Committee on Banking, Rep. Henry Gonzalez (D-Tex.), made a speech charging that the U.S. government, under the previous Bush and Reagan administrations, had systematically refused to prosecute the BCCI, and that the Department of Justice had repeatedly refused to cooperate with Congressional investigations of both the BCCI scandal and what Gonzalez claims is the closely related scandal of the Atlanta, Georgia Banca Nationale del Lavoro, which was alleged to have secured billions in loans from the Bush administration to Saddam Hussein, just prior to the Gulf War of 1990-91.
Gonzalez charged that the Bush administration had "a Justice Department that I say, and I repeat, has been the most corrupt, most unbelievably corrupt justice system that I have seen in the 32 years I have been in the Congress."
The BCCI violated countless laws, including laundering drug money, financing illegal arms traffic, and falsifying bank records. In July 1991, New York District Attorney Robert Morgenthau announced a grand jury indictment against BCCI, charging it with having committed "the largest bank fraud in world financial history. BCCI operated as a corrupt criminal organization throughout its entire 19-year history."
The BCCI had links directly into the Bush White House. Saudi Sheik Kamal Adham, a BCCI director and former head of Saudi Arabian intelligence when George Bush was head of the CIA, was one of the BCCI shareholders indicted in the United States. Days after his indictment, former top Bush White House aide Edward Rogers went to Saudi Arabia as a private citizen to sign a contract to represent Sheikh Adham in the United States.
But, what has never been identified in a single major Western press investigation, was that the Rothschild group was at the heart of the vast illegal web of BCCI. The key figure was Dr. Alfred Hartmann, the managing director of the BCCI Swiss subsidiary, Banque de Commerce et de Placement SA; at the same time, he ran the Zurich Rothschild Bank AG, and sat in London as a member of the board of N.M. Rothschild and Sons, Hartmann was also a business partner of Helmut Raiser, friend of de Picciotto, and linked to Nordex.
Hartmann was also chairman of the Swiss affiliate of the Italian BNL bank, which was implicated in the Bush administration illegal transfers to Iraq prior to the 1990 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. The Atlanta branch of BNL, with the knowledge of George Bush when he was vice president, conduited funds to Helmut Raiser's Zug, Switzerland company, Consen, for development of the CondorII missile program by Iraq, Egypt, and Argentina, during the Iran-Iraq War. Hartmann was vice-chairman of another secretive private Geneva bank, the Bank of NY-Inter-Maritime Bank, a bank whose chairman, Bruce Rappaport, was one of the illegal financial conduits for Col. Oliver North's Contra
drugs-for-weapons network during the late 1980. North also used the BCCI as one of his preferred banks to hide his illegal funds.
Rich, Reichmann, and Soros's Israeli links
According to reports of former U.S. State Department intelligence officers familiar with the Soros case, Soros's Quantum Fund amassed a war chest of well over $10 billion, with the help of a powerful group of "silent" investors who let Soros deploy the capital to demolish European monetary stability in September 1992.
Among Soros's silent investors, these sources say, are the fugitive metals and oil trader Marc Rich, based in Zug, Switzerland; and Shaul Eisenberg, a decades-long member of Israeli Mossad intelligence, who functions as a major arms merchant throughout Asia and the Near East. Eisenberg was recently banned from doing business in Uzbekistan, where he had been accused by the government of massive fraud and corruption. A third Soros partner is Israel's "Dirty Rafi" Eytan, who served in London previously as Mossad liaison to British intelligence.
Rich was one of the most active western traders in oil, aluminum, and other commodities in the Soviet Union and Russia between 1989 and 1993. This, not
coincidentally, is just the period when Grigori Luchansky's Nordex Group became a multibillion-dollar company selling Russian oil, aluminum, and other commodities.
Canadian real estate entrepreneur Paul Reichmann, formerly of Olympia and York notoriety, a Hungarian-born Jew like Soros, is a business partner in Soros's Quantum Realty, a $525-million real estate investment fund.
The Reichmann tie links Soros as well with Henry Kissinger and former Tory Foreign Minister Lord Carrington (who is also a member of Kissinger Associates, Inc. of New York). Reichmann sits with both Kissinger and Carrington on the board of the influential British-Canadian publishing group, Hollinger, Inc. Hollinger owns a large number of newspapers in Canada and the United States, the London Daily Telegraph, and the largest English-language daily in Israel, the Jerusalem Post. Hollinger has been
attacking President Clinton and the Middle East peace process ever since Clinton's election in November 1992.
Soros and geopolitics
Soros is little more than one of several significant vehicles for economic and financial warfare by the Club of the Isles faction. Because his affiliations to these interests have not previously been spotlighted, he serves extremely useful functions for the oligarchy, as in 1992 and 1993, when he launched his attack on the European Rate Mechanism.
Although Soros's speculation played a role in finally taking the British pound out of the ERM currency group entirely, it would be a mistake to view that action as "anti-British." Soros went for the first time to London, where he studied under Karl Popper and Friedrich von Hayek at the London School of Economics.
Soros's business ties to Sir James Goldsmith and Lord Rothschild place him in the inner circles of the Thatcher wing of the British establishment. By helping the "anti-Europe" Thatcherites pull Britain out of the ERM in September 1992 (and making more than $1 billion in the process at British taxpayer expense), Soros helped the long-term goal of the Thatcherites in weakening continental Europe's economic stability. Since 1904 , it has been British geopolitical strategy to prevent by all means any successful economic linkage between western continental European economies, especially that of Germany, with Russia and the countries of eastern Europe.
Soros's personal outlook is consonant with that of the Thatcher wing of the Tory Party, those who three years ago launched the "Germany, the Fourth Reich" hate campaign against unified Germany, comparing Chancellor Helmut Kohl with Adolf Hitler. Soros is personally extremely anti-German. In his 191 autobiography, Underwriting Democracy, Soros warned that a reunited Germany would "upset the balance of Europe .... It is easy to see how the interwar scenario could be replayed. A united Germany becomes the strongest economic power and develops Eastern Europe as its Lebensraum ... a potent witches' brew." Soros's recent public attacks on the German economy and the
deutsche mark are fundamentally motivated by this geopolitical view.
Soros is quite close to the circles of George Bush in the U.S. intelligence community and finance. His principal bank custodian, and reputed major lender in the 1992 assault on Europe's ERM, is Citicorp NA, the nation's largest bank. Citicorp is more than a lending institution; it is a core part of the American liberal establishment. In 1989, as it became clear that German unification was a real possibility, a senior official at Citicorp, a former adviser to Michael Dukakis's Presidential campaign, told a European business associate that "German unity will be a disaster for our interests;
we must take measures to ensure a sharp D-Mark collapse on the order of 30%,
so that she will not have the capability to reconstruct East Germany into the economic engine of a new Europe."
While Soros was calling on world investors to pull down the deutsche mark in 1993, he had been making a strong play in the French media, since late 1992, to portray himself as a "friend of French interests." Soros is reported to be close to senior figures of the French establishment, the Treasury, and in particular, Bank of France head Jean-Claude Trichet. In effect, Soros is echoing the old Entente Cordiale alliance against Germany, which helped precipitate World War 1.
Soros admits that he survived in Nazi Hungary during the war, as a Jew, by adopting what he calls a double personality. "I have lived with a double personality practically all my life," Soros recently stated. "It started at age fourteen in Hungary, when I assumed a false identity in order to escape persecution as a Jew." Soros admitted in a radio interview that his father gave him Nazi credentials in Hungary during the war, and he looted wealthy Jewish estates. Further research showed that this operation was probably run by the SS.
Soros did not leave the country until two years after the war. Though he and his friends in the media are quick to attack any policy opponent of Soros, especially in eastern Europe, as being "anti-Semitic," Soros's Jewish identity apparently has only utilitarian value for him, rather than providing moral foundations. In short, the young Soros was a cynical, ambitious person, the ideal recruit for the British postwar intelligence
network. Soros savages eastern Europe
Soros has established no fewer than 19 "charitable" foundations across eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. He has sponsored "peace" concerts in former Yugoslavia with such performers as Joan Baez. He is helping send young east Europeans to Oxford University. A model citizen, is the image he broadcasts.
The reality is something else. Soros has been personally responsible for introducing shock therapy into the emerging economies of eastern Europe since 1989. He has deliberately fostered on fragile new governments in the east the most draconian economic madness, policies which have allowed Soros and his financial predator friends, such as Marc Rich and Shaul Eisenberg, to loot the resources of large parts of eastern Europe at dirt-cheap prices.
Here are illustrative case histories of Soros's eastern "charity":
Poland: In late 1989, Soros organized a secret meeting between the "reform"
communist government of Prime Minister Mieczyslaw Rakowski and the leaders of the then-illegal Solidarnosc trade union organization. According to well-informed Polish sources, at that 1989 meeting, Soros unveiled his "plan" for Poland: The communists must let Solidarnosc take over the government, so as to gain the confidence of the population. Then, said Soros, the state must act to bankrupt its own industrial and agricultural enterprises, using astronomical interest rates, withholding state credits,
and burdening firms with unpayable debt. Once thie were done, Soros promised
that he would encourage his wealthy international business friends to come into Poland, as prospective buyers of the privatized state enterprises. A recent example of this privatization plan is the case of the large steel facility Huta Warsawa. According to steel experts, this modern complex would cost $3-4 billion for a western company to build new. Several months ago, the Polish government agreed to assume the debts of Huta Warsawa, and to sell the debt-free enterprise to a Milan company, Lucchini, for $30 million!
Soros recruited his friend, Harvard University economist Jeffery Sachs, who had previously advised the Bolivian government in economic policy, leading to the takeover of that nation's economy by the cocaine trade. To further his plan in Poland, Soros set up one of his numerous foundations, the Stefan Batory Foundation, the official sponsor of Sach's work in Poland in 1989-90.
Soros boasts, "I established close personal contact with Walesa's chief adviser, Bronislaw Geremek. I was also received by [President Gen Wojciech] Jaruzelski, the head of State, to obtain his blessing for my foundation." He worked closely with the eminence gris of Polish shock therapy, Witold Trzeciakowski, a shadow adviser to Finance Minister Leszek Balcerowicz.
Soros also cultivated relations with Balcerowicz, the man who would first impose Sach's shock therapy on Poland. Soros says when Walesa was elected President, that "largely because of western pressure, Walesa retained Balcerowicz as minister." Balcerowicz imposed a freeze on wages while industry was to be bankrupted by a cutoff of state credits. Industrial output fell by more than 30% over two years.
Soros admits he knew in advance that his shock therapy would cause huge unemployment, closing of factories, and social unrest. For this reason, he insisted that Solidarnosc be brought into the government, to help deal with the unrest. Through the Batory Foundation, Soros coopted key media opinion makers such as Adam Michnik, and through cooperation with the U.S. Embassy in Warsaw, imposed a media censorship favorable to Soros's shock therapy, and hostile to all critics.
Russia and the Community of Independent States (CIS): Soros headed a delegation to Russia, where he had worked together with Raisa Gorbachova since the late 1980s, to establish the Cultural Initiative Foundation. As with his other "charitable foundations," this was a tax-free vehicle for Soros and his influential Western friends to enter the top policymaking levels of the country, and for tiny sums of scarce hard currency, but up
important political and intellectual figures. After a false start under Mikhail Gorbachov in 1988-91, Soros shifted to the new Yeltsin circle. It was Soros who introduced Jeffery Sachs and shock therapy into Russia, in late 1991. Soros describes his effort: "I started mobilizing a group of economists to take to the Soviet Union (July 1990). Professor Jeffery Sachs, with whom I had worked in Poland, was ready and eager to participate. He suggested a number of other participants: Romano Prodi from Italy; David Finch, a retired official from the IMF [International Monetary Fund]. I wanted to include Stanley Fischer and Jacob Frenkel, heads of research of the World Bank and IMF, respectively; Larry Summers from Harvard and Michael Bruno of the Central Bank of Israel."
Since Jan. 2, 1992, shock therapy has introduced chaos and hyperinflation into Russia. Irreplaceable groups from advanced scientific research institutes have fled in pursuit of jobs in the West. Yegor Gaidar and the Yeltsin government imposed draconian cuts in state spending to industry and agriculture, even though the entire economy was state-owned. A goal of a zero deficit budget within three months was announced. Credit to industry was ended, and enterprises piled up astronomical debts, as inflation of the ruble went out of control.
The friends of Soros lost no time in capitalizing on this situation. Marc Rich began buying Russian aluminum at absurdly cheap prices, with his hard currency. Rich then dumped the aluminum onto western industrial markets last year, causing a 30% collapse in the price of the metal, as western industry had no way to compete. There was such an outflow of aluminum last year from Russia, that there were shortages of aluminum for Russian fish canneries. At the same time, Rich reportedly moved in to secure export control over the supply of most West Siberian crude oil to western markets. Rich's companies have been under investigation for fraud in Russia, according to a report in the Wall Street Journal of May 13, 1993.
Another Soros silent partner who has moved in to exploit the chaos in the former Soviet Union, is Shaul Eisenberg. Eisenberg, reportedly with a letter of introduction from then-European Bank chief Jacques Attali, managed to secure an exclusive concession for textiles and other trade in Uzbekistan. When Uzbek officials confirmed defrauding of the government by Eisenberg, his concessions were summarily abrogated. The incident has reportedly caused a major loss for Israeli Mossad strategic interests throughout the Central Asian republics.
Soros has extensive influence in Hungary. When nationalist opposition parliamentarian Istvan Csurka tried to protest what was being done to ruin the Hungarian economy, under the policies of Soros and friends, Csurka was labeled an "anti-Semite," and in June 1993, he was forced out of the governing Democratic Forum, as a result of pressure from Soros-linked circles in Hungary and abroad, including Soros's close friend, U.S. Rep. Tom Lantos.
Lighting the Balkan Fuse
In early 1990, in what was then still Yugoslavia, Soros's intervention with shock therapy, in cooperation with the IMF, helped light the economic fuse that led to the outbreak of war in June 1991. Soros boasted at that time, "Yugoslavia is a particularly interesting case. Even as national rivalries have brought the country to the verge of a breakup, a radical monetary stabilization program, which was introduced on the same date as in
Poland---January 1, 1990-----has begun to change the political landscape. The program is very much along the Polish lines, and it had greater initial success. By the middle of the year, people were beginning to think Yugoslav again."
Soros is friends with former Deputy Secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger, the former U.S. ambassador to Belgrade and the patron of Serbian Communist leader Slobodan Milosevic. Eagleburger is a past president of Kissinger Associates, on whose board sits Lord Carrington, whose Balkan mediations supported Serbian aggression into Croatia and Bosnia.
Today, Soros has established his Foundation centers in Bosnia, Croatia, Slovenia, and a Soros Yugoslavia Foundation in Belgrade, Serbia. In Croatia, he has tried to use his foundation monies to woo influential journalists or to slander opponents of his shock therapy, by labeling them variously "anti-Semitic" or "neo-Nazi." The head of Soros's Open Society Fund---Croatia, Prof. Zarko Puhovski, is a man who has reportedly made a recent dramatic conversion from orthodox Marxism to Soros's radical free
market. Only seven years ago, according to one of his former students, as professor of philosophy at the University of Zagreb, Puhovski attacked students trying to articulate a critique of communism, by insisting, "It is unprincipled to criticize Marxism from a liberal standpoint." His work for the Soros Foundation in Zagreb has promoted an anti-nationalist "global culture," hiring a network of anti-Croatian journalists to propagandize, in effect, for the Serbian cause.
These examples can be elaborated for each of the other 19 locations across eastern Europe where George Soros operates. The political agenda of Soros and this group of financial "globalists" will create the conditions for a new outbreak of war, even world war, if it continues to be tolerated.
NewsMakingNews Questions:Is Soros directly linked to Bill and Hillary Clinton through Larry Lawrence? George Soros is one of the "legitimate" sources of Clinton campaign money and a financial director of the Elect Clinton campaign. Soros has created educational institutions throughout the former Soviet countries, which may be fronts for currency trading. Soros is said to be currently based in Switzerland.
Fremont, shaken by a series of bombs two years ago, could be rocked once again by a battle between the prosecutor in the bizarre case and a prominent Alameda County politician who is expected to be his key witness.
At issue is the ambiguous relationship between Supervisor Scott Haggerty and the suspect in the bombings, Rodney Joel Blach, revealed in an 1,100-page grand jury transcript unsealed earlier this month. Sworn testimony has raised questions of how much Haggerty knew about Blach both before and after the bombing spree in March 1998.
The revelations could become a political embarrassment for Haggerty, who recently ran unopposed for a second term and has been a leading voice for more regional planning and expanded mass transit solutions in the Bay Area.
Meanwhile, Deputy District Attorney Tom Rogers must prepare to try the biggest case in Fremont history amid growing animosity between himself and Haggerty, whose testimony could be crucial because the evidence is largely circumstantial.
The transcript has jarred Alameda County politics with details including a straight-from-Hollywood episode in which Haggerty's chief of staff wore a wire to record statements from Blach. And one of the bombing victims, a former police chief, admits to ``discrepancies'' between his and Haggerty's stories. Meanwhile, the current police chief, also targeted by the bomber, is keeping mum.
Blach's weapons stash
According to the transcript, Haggerty knew, more than a year before the bombings, that Blach was stashing weapons at his home in the Mission San Jose neighborhood of Fremont. Further, he knew that Blach considered a number of local officials corrupt, including Police Chief Craig Steckler and former chief Bob Wasserman, now a city councilman.
Yet not until nearly two weeks after the last device detonated did Haggerty fully disclose what he knew about Blach to authorities.
Haggerty says Blach was merely a constituent he was trying to help. Haggerty also complains that he is now being ``manipulated'' by the prosecutor.
``I think it's totally unfair the way the DA is treating me. He doesn't care who he ruins to get a conviction,'' Haggerty, 42, said in a recent interview.
In response, Rogers would say only: ``The grand jury transcript speaks for itself.''
Blach, a 53-year-old former crime lab technician, is charged with attempted murder and other felonies. Nobody was injured, but the case drew national attention partly because of the high profiles of the intended victims.
Blach, whom the prosecutor has called ``mentally disturbed and paranoid,'' has said he believes a wealthy local family is importing heroin from the mountains of Afghanistan to the hills of Fremont. He also believes Steckler and Wasserman were paid large sums of money to ignore the drug trade.
Prosecutors suggest the bomber's primary target was the wealthy family. And they contend the bombs left at the homes of the former and current police chiefs were purposely amateurish, meant as warnings to Haggerty to keep silent.
For his part, Blach claims police framed him by planting incriminating evidence in a storage locker. Blach's attorney, William Linehan, did not respond to several calls seeking comment.
All parties have denied Blach's accusations, and he has offered no evidence.
``The guy was a kook,'' said Chris Gray, Haggerty's chief of staff, in a recent interview.
Yet the grand jury transcript shows that Gray and his boss became so involved with Blach that the suspected bomber ultimately believed they would do favors for him, including helping him establish an alibi.
The complicated relationship began in April 1997, when Blach requested a constituent visit from Haggerty, who had taken office three months earlier.
The ostensible reason: to show Haggerty cracks in the foundation of Blach's half-million dollar home. Instead, Haggerty was shown guns, ammunition and files on himself and some of his closest friends, including Wasserman.
Haggerty maintains he treated Blach as he would anyone in his district, which includes most of Fremont, Pleasanton and Livermore. However, he acknowledges he hadn't made such a visit before the one he made to Blach -- and hasn't since.
``I am a public servant, elected by the people to serve the people,'' he said in an interview. ``If I'm guilty of anything, it's of trying to help the DA.''
The prosecutor clearly didn't see it that way. Among his contentions to the grand jury:
In a taped interview with prosecutors, Haggerty said that after visiting Blach, he ``certainly believed there was a lot of people's lives in jeopardy.'' He added that after that visit he told Wasserman and Steckler about Blach's weapons and far-flung theories.
Both Wasserman and Steckler, however, told the grand jury Haggerty did not directly warn them about Blach.
Prosecutor Rogers argued to the grand jury: ``The evidence will show what Scott Haggerty should have done immediately, was to have . . . warned Bob Wasserman. He should have warned Chief Steckler. He should have told Rodney Blach that `I'm not going to be threatened, and this meeting is over.' ''
``We tried to treat him as we treat all constituents, as a very important person,'' Gray said recently. ``It kind of backfired, and now the tables have turned on us. We never crossed the line for Rodney.''
Rogers suggested this was Blach's attempt to establish an alibi.
Wasserman now says that in spite of ``discrepancies'' between their recollections, he supports the supervisor.
``I know Scott feels very bad about the whole thing,'' he said. ``I think he truly believes he did the right thing.''
After Haggerty and Gray went to the police, Gray cooperated with investigators by inviting the suspect to his office and secretly recording their conversation. As they were meeting, authorities hid a tracking device in Blach's car.
Despite his emphasis on Haggerty's conduct, the prosecutor said he doesn't plan to file charges against the supervisor. ``It's not a crime to know a crime has been committed and not call police,'' Rogers said.
No date has been set, but the trial will likely start in the fall.
Contact Alexis Chiu at or 510-790-7313
PARENTS SUCH AS KIM SWARTZ UNITE WITH OTHER FAMILIES OVER THE PAIN OF THEIR CHILDREN'S DISAPPEARANCE.
By Demian Bulwa © 2000
CONTRA COSTA TIMES STAFF WRITER
VALLEJO -- From a modest shopping center storefront, Kim Swartz searches every day for two 7-year-old girls.
She is driven to search for one. She lives to search for the other.
The first is Xiana Fairchild, the Vallejo girl missing since Dec. 9. The second is Swartz's daughter, Amber, who vanished in June 1988 from outside her Pinole home.
"I keep telling Xiana's aunt, Stephanie (Kahalekulu), that I don't want her to go there -- where I've been for 12 years," said Swartz, whose Amber Foundation for Missing Children now shares space with the fledgling Xiana search effort.
"There" is the painful world inhabited by families of children who are missing for long periods. It is a world of uncertainty over Amber or Xiana, or Ilene Misheloff, Michaela Garecht, Nikki Campbell or Christina Williams -- a tragic cast of children who have gone missing from Bay Area families.
Swartz belongs to an exclusive club that nobody wants to join. Members often form tight, caring relationships. Their common interest is their only interest -- a dreadful, unrelenting calling to learn their children's fate. Many will be members for life.
Dr. Joann Behrman-Lippert, a Reno psychologist who has worked extensively with families of missing children, said the only comparable situation might be faced by a war prisoner's family.
"To make matters worse, at the same time these families are under this tremendous emotional stress and strain, they have to muster the strength every day to keep searching, because it's difficult to maintain everybody else's interest," she said.
Swartz's relationship with Xiana's family is more the rule than the exception in missing child cases. More and more, families of missing children are joining together to help each other cope, share advice about working with the media and police, reassuring each other they're not crazy.
At a candlelight vigil early this year for Ilene Misheloff -- who vanished from Dublin in 1989, at age 13 -- Kahalekulu introduced herself to Ilene's mother.
Maddi Misheloff paused for a moment, then two women who had never met embraced and broke into tears.
"Nobody can fully know how we feel unless they've been in this position," said Misheloff. "We belong to this unique sorority, or whatever you want to call it. We're not social friends -- the thing that brings us together is this god-awful tragedy."
There are no available statistics on how many families live with the reality of long-term missing children. According to the state Department of Justice, 118,778 children were reported missing in 1998, most of them runaways.
In 2,540 of the cases, a family member took the child. In 58 cases, it was a stranger. Ill-defined "suspicious circumstances" surrounded 805 more. Most of the missing children returned on their own.
As with so many high-profile missing children, Amber's image from fliers and news reports -- the 60-pound girl with a shy half-smile and brown bangs -- is frozen in time. So, in many ways, is Kim Swartz, who has come to be defined by her quest.
To hear her talk about Amber, you might guess the girl vanished a few weeks ago. Swartz, who has had a turbulent but enduring relationship with law enforcement, continually devises plans to draw out suspects and trades information with a Pinole police detective, while helping other families pursue their own kids.
"I haven't had a vacation for 12 years. My vacations are missing children conferences," she said in a lunch interview, during which she fielded several calls from other parents needing help.
Now, Swartz watches with equal parts horror and understanding as family members of Xiana approach the six-month mark in their search.
Kahalekulu, who helped raise Xiana in Hawaii and Colorado before the girl moved in with her mother in Vallejo, is feeling the burn. After the five-month mark earlier this month, she spent the next day on her couch, watching videos of Xiana and crying.
"I couldn't physically get off that couch," Kahalekulu said.
"What scares me most is what Xiana must be dealing with right now. I imagine it constantly. At night when I put a blanket on my 6-year-old daughter, I wonder if Xiana even has a blanket. Does she even have a bed? And if someone took her, what is that person doing to her?"
Families who have borne longer losses feel fresh pain on anniversaries and birthdays, holidays and the first day of school. They gasp when news of an unidentified body flashes on television, and their minds flirt with grim thoughts when a child molester is arrested. Often, experts say, parents divorce and families crumble as members go into a survival mode -- focusing all energy on the missing child.
Georgia Hilgeman, founder and executive director of the San Jose-based Vanished Children's Alliance, said her life was consumed by the search for her daughter, Monica, who as a toddler disappeared in late 1976 while visiting Hilgeman's ex-husband in Oakland.
Four-and-a-half years later, Hilgeman found Monica in Mexico City, living with a cousin of Monica's father. The story has given other families reason to believe that they might also find a happy ending years later.
It also shows the lengths to which parents of missing children are willing to go.
"At social events, I would not allow myself to have a good time -- how dare I when my child is hurting?" Hilgeman said. "Instead, I would think of who in that room I could sell my case to that might be in a position to help me."
After 12 years, Swartz has gained some perspective with the pain.
On March 31, she was in her office when she received calls -- first from the media, then police -- saying a San Jose woman at a motel was claiming to be Amber. Swartz, whose husband was killed in the line of police duty just before Amber's birth, remained calm. She waited for a detective to pick her up to look at a picture of the woman.
The woman turned out to be Amber Marie Pattee, who had a $15,000 misdemeanor warrant and was booked on suspicion of being under the influence.
"I tried not to not lose it, to stay as focused as possible," said Swartz, adding that family members of Xiana discussed driving to San Jose after they learned of the lead.
"They're going to go through these same things. I have to set an example," said Swartz. "It took me three days to break down and cry about that one."
Other families, like that of 9-year-old Christina Williams, end up with a dreaded kind of closure. Christina vanished in June 1998 while walking her dog near her Seaside home. Seven months later, a biologist found Christina's remains in a nature preserve three miles away.
Michael Williams, who found religion amid the ordeal, said he now feels fortunate that he and his wife, Alice, came through still together.
"We were completely polarized," he said. "How could I help my wife when I couldn't even help myself. The only reason we got out of bed every day is that we put it in our mind that today is the day that Christina is coming back."
When the bad news hit, the family was devastated. But, unlike so many others who remain in the club, they could at least begin to grieve. Swartz called them the next day and reminded them that they had a chance to move on with a normal life.
Williams can see there was some peace in knowing. But on that day, he envied Swartz.
"What we lost, and what Kim still has," said Williams, "is the hope that her daughter is going to walk up to her doorstep."
Demian Bulwa covers crime and public safety. Reach him at 510-262-2728 or e-mail .
HARVARD AND THE MAKING OF THE UNABOMBER
by Alston Chase © 2000 The Atlantic Monthly, June 2000
Kaczynski told me that the Henry A. Murray Research Center of the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, although it released some raw data about him to his attorneys, had refused to share information about the Murray team's analysis of that data. Kaczynski hinted darkly that the Murray Center seemed to feel it had something to hide. One of his defense investigators, he said, reported that the center had told participating psychologist not to talk with his defense team.
WHO WAS HENRY A. MURRAY? WAS THE UNABOMBER AN EXPERIMENT GONE WRONG? TRACE THE CONNECTIONS IN THIS BRILLIANT ARTICLE-- FROM THE OSS, TO NAVY RESEARCH TO TIMOTHY LEARY TO THE TRIAL!
CLICK TO READ!
MAE BRUSSELL RETURNS
Interpol -- The history from Hoover to the Secret Service. Who financed the Moonies?
To see the archive. Click.
TAPE #702, May 20, 1985, Sides 1 & 2
"WORLD WATCHERS INTERNATIONAL
© Mae Brussell
Tape # 702, May 20, 1985, Side 1 PREPARING FOR THE REICHSTAG MENTALITY: TERROR IN USA. THE BANKING CRISES. ARE MENGELE, BORMANN MANIPULATING? THE MENGELE HUNT ESCALATES. WHO RUNS D.C. TIME? MELLONS?
CORRECTION, TAPE #701 MAY 13, 1985 JOHN TOLAND, "BATTLE OF BULGE"
Maxwell Taylor now dead. Taylor, William Colby, William Casey, Henry Kissinger, William Donovan and many others went from BULGE TO VIETNAM.
Edward Lansdale and John Singlaub now carrying on covert actions with Kissinger, Colby, and Casey in Central America.
Lansdale and Singlaub joined the BULGE GROUP IN VIETNAM, LAOS, CAMBODIA WARS.
HENRY KISSINGER, WASH. TIMES, 10/10/85, REV. SUN MYUNG MOON NEWSPAPER.
"Americans tend to treat foreign policy as a subdivision of psychiatry instead of a real-world matter."
Translated: IF "AMERICANS" tend to have guilt, second thoughts, empathy, we should listen to GERMAN HENRY KISSINGER. THEY KNOW HOW TO BE TOUGH. IT WAS NAZI GERMAN PSYCHIATRISTS WHO CONCEIVED OF GAS CHAMBERS FOR HITLER."
THE "MOVE" OPERATION IN PHILADELPHIA IS A PENTAGON DESTRUCTION OF AMERICA. RAW RACISM WITH BLACK MAYOR FOR THE OPERATION, RAMONA AFRICA, PROVOCATEUR.
1. SLA IS CIA, SUMMER 1974 Realist. Reagan, Meese, CIA domestic terror.
2. "WHO KILLED CONGRESSMAN LARRY McDONALD?" Mae Brussell, Hustler, Feb. 1984.
3. Warning of turning USA into "Vietnam staring May 1". Aryan Nations.
4. Ramona Africa, "the knee joints of America will break and the body of America will soon fall." MH, AP 5/10/85 (Idi Amin + Frank Terpil)
PREPARING FOR THE SIEGE MENTALITY. SECRET SERVICE DIRECTOR JOHN R. SIMPSON. SIMPSON CURRENT PRESIDENT OF INTERPOL. NAZI, DRUG DEALER PROTECTION.
1. "White House; A Fortress in the Making." LAH 3/27/85" SS John R. Simpson"
2. William Webster, FBI Director, "would-be terrorists would have a great country in a siege mentality." Oregonian 4/12/85.
3. "Secret Service studying Closure of Streets near White House" SJM 4/6/85
4. "White House Barricades AREN'T EVEN A BEGINNING" LAT, 3/14/85.
5. "Siege Mentality, 90 acre vehicle-free zone around W. House." SFC 3/12/85.
6. "Taking it to the Streets" Peace and Solidarity, 4/19/85 Reagan's policy.
7. FREEDOM, JAN. 1985, Volume 17, number 6. JOHN SIMPSON HEAD OF US SECRET SERVICE AND PRESIDENT OF INTERPOL.
1923 Interpol formed in Vienna, Austria, Links of police in various countries to subvert labor unions, communists, political activity.
1938 Interpol taken over by ADOLF HITLER. J.E. HOOVER, FBI DIRECTOR, VICE-PRESIDENT OF INTERPOL. Violently anti-communist. Political tool.
Tape # 702 May 20, 1985 Side 2
INTERPOL. U.S. SECRET SERVICE, CONTINUED. REICHSTAG EXPERTS DIRECT USA.
SS GRUPPENFUHRER REINHARD HEYDRICH, FINAL SOLUTION WITH ADOLF EICHMAN, OTTO VON BOLSCHWINT. INTERPOL PRESIDENT FROM 1940-TO 1942, murdered.
DR. ERNST KALTENBRUNNER INTERPOL PRESIDENT 1942-1946, HUNG NUREMBERG.
SS OFFICER PAUL DICKOPF INTERPOL PRESIDENT 1968-1972, NIXON YEARS.
They refuse to find Nazi war criminals, drug dealers.
They put into computers USA INFORMATION TO KNOWN TERRORISTS, NAZIS.
"WOMAN AWARDED $39,000,000 IN SCIENTOLOGY FRAUD CASE" SJ, 5/18/85.
Member nine months, spent $3,253 in classes. Suit against them.
EVER SINCE 1974, WHEN FREEDOM, AND SCIENTOLOGIST RESEARCHED NAZI LINKS TO PSYCHIATRY, HOSPITALS, INTERPOL, THEY HAVE BEEN TARGETED.
PROVOCATEURS FOR STREET TERROR. CYANIDE BULLET DR. MARCUS FOSTER, OAKLAND.
"People's World, 11/17/73. Guardian, 1/23/74
Nazis in Oakland, San Leandro. SYMBIONESE LIBERATION ARMY.
WATCH THE MONEY CONNECTIONS, FDIC, BORMANN, MENGELE, SKORZENY LINKS.
1. "Depositors Besiege MD Thrift" WP 4/10/85
2. "Bank Failures Expected to Rise, Problem List at 949". WP 5/7/85
3. NY post, 3/23/85 J. Peter Grace, FDIC can only cover 1%. Buy Gold."
4. WP 2/14/85 NEW CHAIRMAN OF FDIC TO BE JOHN ROUSSELOT, John Birch Soc. One of founders, with ROBERT WELCH, REVILO P. OLIVER. Reagan's mentor. Tape #700 May 6, 1985 OLIVER, OTTO SKORZENY, MARTIN BORMANN, MENGELE.
5. Committee to Restore Constitution" Fed. Reserve. Revilo Oliver, PhD.
6. Oliver, Grace, Rousselot links to GERMAN NAZIS, NAZI BANKERS, FINANCIERS.
THE MENGELE HUNT ESCALATES ON ALL FRONTS. THIS DISEASED PUSS OOZING OUT.
1. Newsweek, 5/20/85 FRITZ STEINACKER, MENGELE ATTORNEY, FRANKFURT.
ISRAEL'S ROLE WITH ALFREDO STROESSNER, PARAGUAY, WHILE MENGELE THERE.
2. NEW YORK TIMES 5/11/85 Chronology of Josef Mengele. Leave out USA
1965, 1975 trips to SPAIN, MEETINGS WITH OTTO SKORZENY. (CIA)
3. NEW YORK TIMES 5/15/85 PARAGUAY PRESIDENT GOING TO BAVARIA, BONN.
Franz Josef Strauss, Helmut Kohl hosts. (Time for summit meeting.)
REV. MOON, WASHINGTON TIMES, GULF OIL, THE MELLONS, KOREA, BOLIVIA FUNDS.
1. Amaud de Bourchgarve, DCT, still offering $1,000,000 for Mengele.
Why would expert on covert actions, disinformation, want Mengele?
2. AMERICAN SWASTIKA, Charles Higham, Doubleday, 1985.
John J. McCloy in charge of KLAUS BARBIE after WWII. Protected him.
Kissinger with Barbie. Also similar role with Otto Skorzeny.
3. INVESTIGATION OF KOREAN-AMERICAN RELATIONS. 1979, 95the Congress.
Gulf Oil, payments of $300,000,000 to foreign countries.
John McCloy in charge of SEC inquiry.
$300,000,000 to S. Korea. Millions to Bolivia. Barbie, Bolivian govt.
$150 million, Korean, not accounted for. DID IT BUY WASH. STAR FOR MOON?
4. WP 2/28/85 "RICHARD MELLON SCAIFE FUNDED WESTMORELAND SUIT VS. CBS. $3 million.
D.C. TIMES 5/7/84, HALF PAGE OF MICHAEL LEDEEN, HAIG PROTÉGÉ (LINKED TO WAFFEN SS LICIO GELLI, JOSEF MENGELE, P-2, KLAUS BARBIE, NETWORK OF NAZIS. MOON-DeBORCHGRAVE "REWARD" FOR THEIR BUDDIES.
WHY MARIN DA KAMENA WON'T PROTECT THIS ONE PARTICULAR CHILD!
Mardeusz continues challenge of Marin courts' jurisdiction. Judge Verna Adams contradicts herself on bench. Marin DA fails to protect child, continues to prosecute mother Why? Many theories abound.
San Rafael - Coast Writers Syndicate, 5/17/00 by Phil Graff © 2000
Carol Mardeusz, alleged by DA Paula Kamena to be guilty of the "crime" of "attempted child abduction" of her own child, Haleigh (for whom she holds the only valid custody order, per court records), appeared before Judge Verna Adams Wed, May 17.
For months, Mardeusz has consistently asserted a claim of "once in jeopardy," and challenged the court's jurisdiction, based upon procedurally flawed prosecution by District Attorney Paula Kamena and deputy DA Kelly Vieira. A judge cannot acquire jurisdiction simply by claiming that she has it. Once challenged, the court must prove its jurisdiction. To date, Mardeusz has not received any proof.
Mardeusz has also challenged Judge Adams for bias. At today's hearing, Adams stated that since no disqualification determination had been received, she could not act. Adams noted today's appearance was only because the date had been set by a previous judge, and she could not change it.
Mardeusz objected to jurisdiction, as she's done throughout. Judge Adams, having stated that she had no authority to act, overruled Mardeusz's objection, thereby exercising authority she'd said she didn't have - a very neat trick.
Nor has the court followed the law with respect to timely prosecution. Mardeusz was never arraigned, and the grand jury proceeding which supposedly indicted her was so seriously flawed, that deputy DA Kelly Vieira and DA Paula Kamena could eventually face prosecution for unethical, even criminal acts. Many observers view these proceedings as an incredibly misguided effort to jail Mardeusz, a mother with no criminal record, while protecting Leo Magers, an admitted drug and alcohol abuser and accused girl-friend beater (affidavit from a previous girlfriend, not Mardeusz). Magers is a man who, according to affidavits, threatened to ".kill [Mardeusz] and all [her] brats." Reports in the Magers/Mardeusz file clearly indicate that Leo Magers
should not have unsupervised visitation with Haleigh Magers-Mardeusz, let alone custody. Other papers in the file show that Mardeusz holds the only valid custody order in existence.
Yet, Paula Kamena and Kelly Vieira continue to persecute Carol Mardeusz, while not only failing to prosecute Leo Magers, but actually ordering evidence against him destroyed.
Why? And why did Novato police enter Mardeusz's home without a valid warrant? Why, at the time, was Mardeusz's assigned public defender, Mark Davis, unable to obtain a copy of the supposed warrant - a warrant which apparently did not exist until after the fact, and which was altered in a highly suspicious manner when it finally did appear? Why did Mardeusz's repeated appeals to the Attorney General go unanswered? And why did the AG later enter the case to protect the DA, rather than see that truth and justice is served?
Speculation can run rampant, and there is more than a little factual evidence to support many theories. Could this persecution be because it is essential for Marin and Sonoma authorities to jail Mardeusz, or convict her of some crime, in order to discredit her potential testimony regarding Richard Allen Davis and the kidnapping of Polly Klaas? Such testimony, which would indicate that Davis may not have acted alone, could make the police, the sheriff and the FBI look pretty foolish. Could her persecution be because Mardeusz was asked by officials to falsify a transcript she did while a court reporter? Or could it be that there is a pedophile ring, operating in Marin and Sonoma,
which has connections to high places? If so, it would not be the first time that highly placed officials were implicated in child pornography and molestation.
Could it be that judges and attorneys are protecting their own kind from responsibility for error, or abuse of authority? Is Sonoma county attorney Catherine Conner using her connections to keep herself from being prosecuted for falsifying official records, as is suggested by the files? All of these theories, and more, could be suggested by the record to date, and a good investigator may be able to prove them.
But Mardeusz does not need to speculate on theories. Whatever she or others may suspect, or even be able to prove, Mardeusz' case against the Marin DA is so strong that while reporters and investigators may wish to follow every other lead, Mardeusz needs only to stick to the provable facts in her case:
1. Deputy DA Kelly Vieira, seeing that she was losing her previous case, re-filed a nearly identical case against Mardeusz. This is sort of like starting a race, and once you see you are losing, re-starting the same race. However, Mardeusz points out that the overlap of Vieira's two cases created a form of double jeopardy called "once in jeopardy," and for this reason alone, Mardeusz maintains the case against her is required to be dismissed.
2. Deputy DA Vieira misled the Grand Jury, by presenting only part of the complete evidence in the case. Failure to present all the evidence to the Grand Jury. This is prosecutorial misconduct. Mardeusz filed a timely objection, which has not been adequately answered by the DA.
3. DA Kamena's office failed to bring their case to trial within the time prescribed by law. Mardeusz has never waived her right to speedy trial within 60 days. The DA blew the time limits, and the Marin judicial system is apparently cooperating with the DA by pretending that there is no limit, or that somehow, it hasn't started yet, over 160 days later(!).
4. Every judge who's heard the case so far appears to have collaborated with the DA in some manner. It appears they are now pulling out all stops to convict Mardeusz, fairly or unfairly, because if they fail to do so, liability of the county, the DA, and the judges individually could be horrendous. For this reason alone, Mardeusz's motion to disqualify every Marin judge is eminently sensible. How can she get a fair trial by any
official who is connected with the system which stands to lose if she is not convicted?
The truly horrendous aspect of this situation is that this sort of thing goes on all the time, but most people don't know it. It's just that in this case, Mardeusz had enough legal background to stand up to the system, and the system is doing all it can to eliminate her.
The recent recall movement was not started by Mardeusz, or any one person. It is the logical extension of massive dissatisfaction with systemic corruption and cronyism found, not only in the family courts, but also in criminal courts, probate courts, trusteeships and conservatorships. There are small groups of such citizens meeting throughout the county - indeed, throughout the state - to voice their concerns, and to plan how to recapture control of a judiciary which is clearly out of control. The Broom Marches, started in Marin, are being duplicated in other areas. Citizens' Watch Committees and review boards are forming. Recalls and impeachments are being planned. The people have had enough, and they are on the march.
# # #
© 2000 Coast Writers Syndicate
THE BAYCITIES OBSERVER
"Have I missed the mark, or, like a true archer, do I strike my mark?
Or am I a prophet of lies, a babbler from door to door?"
Cassandra, as reported by Agamemnon.
© 2000 Virginia McCullough. All Rights Reserved. Use only with written permission.
There was a recent uproar in Marin County when a group of people, thoroughly fed up with the courts and their lack of justice, began a recall campaign. This action followed a report written by Karen Winner that severely criticized the cronyism and conflicts of interest that exist between certain judges, expert witnesses and favored attorneys. The Marin Independent Journal and The Coast Writers Syndicate have recently covered the story. Click
At the very center of this debate is a woman named Carol Mardeusz who has become the focus of the prosecutors and judges in both Sonoma and Marin Counties. An inordinate amount of time and money has been spent to discredit and jail this mother of two daughters. If one listened to the trials this woman has had to endure since 1995 one would wonder if she is not Public Enemy No. 1. Why is so much time and effort being devoted to the hounding and persecution of this single mom?
Perhaps it is because Carole Mardeusz, her teenage daughter Natalie Mardeusz and her youngest daughter, Haleigh, have testified in police reports that the man who confessed to kidnapping and murdering Polly Klaas in October of 1993 might have had an accomplice. That type of information would not go over well with the local law enforcement and the FBI who diligently worked to convince a nation that Richard Alan Davis was the sole perpetrator in the killing of America's Child.
Mardeusz gave the Petaluma Police Department a report that her Polly look-alike daughter Natalie, and her girlfriend, Click had been stalked by a man answering the description of Richard Alan Davis a full two weeks BEFORE the kidnapping of Polly Klaas. Within the month following the kidnapping Mardeusz obtained the license number of the car she and her daughters had seen Richard Alan Davis entering. Nothing was done about these reports but the Mardeusz family was listed as "Petaluma Witnesses" in the trial of Richard Alan Davis, only to be eliminated later by Sonoma County District Attorney Mullins. The Mardeuszs are Brady witnesses in the Davis/Klaas case.
Carol's young daughter, Haleigh, had been fathered during her brief affair with a man named Leo Magers. Haleigh was born on October 27, 1990 and she will soon be 10 years old. Her mother provided a collection of pictures of Haleigh to this reporter. Click Magers has a long documented history of physically abusing women. Magers lives in Rohnert Park and many reports were made to the Police Department there about his abuse of various girlfriends.
Ignorant of these accusations, Mardeusz wanted her daughter to have a father figure in her life. Although she worked as a court reporter, Mardeusz also needed financial support for her child. She went to Toni Novak, a supervisor of Sonoma County Legal Services. Magers' response to Mardeusz' pregnancy was to try to force her to have an abortion and when that failed, he denied paternity in a paternity action. The Sonoma County District Attorney forced him to do a blood test to determine paternity. This angered Leo Magers.
According to court records Magers retaliated--beginning a continuing escalation of physical and sexual abuse against his own daughter and threats against Mardeusz if she reported her child as a victim. The court records indicate that when Haleigh was six months old Magers held Haleigh by one of her legs dropping her to the floor when he blacked out from alcohol. In 1991 two neighborhood boys in Magers' Rohnert Park neighborhood saw Magers swear at the child and throw her onto the hood of a car, while he was drunk. Because of this incident [10/31/91] Mardeusz took steps to protect her child by filing a custody/paternity action in Sonoma County [Case No. 194243] on November 27, 1991. On February 24, 1992 the Sonoma County Superior Court ordered full legal and physical custody of Haleigh to the mother and ordered that Magers be allowed only supervised visitation. Later the father lost all visitation rights because he did not comply with the court order that he undergo a probation study.
The abuse of the child by the father continued. The court records state that Haleigh reported to her mother that Magers had squeezed her neck in an abusive way, on more than one occasion. The mother reported this to her pediatrician Donald Hensley, M.D. at Kaiser Hospital. The doctor documented the child's cervical pain in a letter dated March 6, 1995 that was entered into the court records.
During 1993 Magers' continued his abuse of Haleigh. The child reported to the mother that Magers physically and sexually abused her by hitting her and poking her in the "pepe". Five different reports by five different people document the reported abuse by the father. The most interesting ones are the Child Protective Services Reports dated 6/17/93 to 2/8/94 by Doris Sami, PhD. This same woman was also to figure prominently in the Polly Klaas Case. Sami had to be aware that the Mardeusz case and the Klaas were intertwined.
During 1993 Magers had a girlfriend named Tina Bob. Court records state that Magers continually beat her and gave her a black eye and a broken arm. He was also her cocaine supplier. In fact he bragged about this under oath when he testified against Tina Bob on behalf of her ex-husband, Jerry Bob, who wanted custody of their children [Solano County Court Case No. F-024625]. Magers admitted under penalty of perjury that he abused alcohol and cocaine and purchased and distributed the drug.
Throughout 1994 Haleigh continued to report to both her mother and her sister that Magers and his mother, Dr. Betty Magers, were both physically and sexually abusing her. In Marin County the Novato police received a complaint about Betty Magers because this city is her place of residence. Novato Police Report No. NP 94004692 dated January 26, 1995 by Officer Brett Gripe noted that on December 12, 1994 during an interview with Betty Magers, she stated that "Leo does have a problem with alcohol.........". Dr. Betty Magers was employed as a psychologist at Kaiser Hospital in Solano County.
Apparently Magers' problems were well known within his family because on February 6, 1994, his own sister, Lynn, had reported that Magers had molested Haleigh [ See Petaluma Police Report No. 95-1030]. A second Petaluma Police Report [94-8464] dated 8/3/94 by Officer Tommasi notes that Lynn Magers "observed Haleigh's behavior of the past several years and during this time she has graphically described sexual contacts which are totally inappropriate for a 4-year old child. On one occasion Haleigh described someone inserting two fingers into her vaginal area."
On February 6, 1995 the Novato Police Department and the Marin County sheriffs arrested and booked both Leo Magers and Dr. Betty Magers for the sexual and physical abuse of Haleigh. Click Dr. Magers and Leo Magers went to a personal friend, a former FBI agent, who gave the two of them a lie detector test that Dr. Magers paid for and the results of this test were then hand delivered to Officer Gripe. Apparently this test, tainted with conflicts of interest and paid for by the defendants was used, in part, to convince the Marin County District Attorney's office to not follow through with the prosecution of the Magers.
Court records reflect that on May 25, 1995 Magers was allowed supervised visits following an application for a temporary restraining order by Mardeusz. The basis for the TRO was that Doris Sami of Sonoma County Child Protective Service had told the mother that Haleigh was molested on four occasions by Magers in his bedroom with "skin to skin contact." The mother was read this report by Sami who refused to send the mother a copy of the report. At the suggestion of Sami the mother filed an Emergency Assistance Application and Sami apparently declared Haleigh Mardeusz "at risk" with the notation "Date child determined to be at risk as of 5/4/95". Unknown to Mardeusz, at this time, was the fact that Magers' personal attorney, Catherine Connor, and her law firm, had a contract with Sonoma County to "assist" children "at risk".
Meanwhile, during 1995, the trial of Richard Alan Davis was drawing near in Santa Clara County. His attorney, Barry Collins, had repeatedly stated in the court records that he could not go to trial before the end of August, 1995. Various and bizarre excuses were used by Collins in some instances, without his client Davis, present in the court room. The absence of Davis was addressed by both the judge and the prosecution attorneys because, as a death penalty candidate, Davis had the absolute right to be present. The transcripts reflect Collins' strange demand that the Davis trial not begin until August of 1995.
Sonoma County Judge Lloyd Von Der Mahden reacted to the ongoing abuse of Haleigh Mardeusz by awarding Leo Magers physical custody of the child on August 31, 1995 based on a probation report of Carol Mardeusz written by Susan Rivetts, dated August 29, 1995. Sonoma County did not order a probation report for the father. Dr. Betty Magers gave her son, Leo, information on Munchausen Syndrome to deliver to the Sonoma County Probation Department. In effect, Sonoma County was now conspiring to deliver the child, Haleigh, into the hands of her abuser.
In September of 1995 Leo Magers burned the front of both of Haleigh's legs with a cigarette. During a supervised visit Carol Mardeusz and the supervisor noted the burns and the next day Carol took pictures of the multiple injuries. Click On September 30, 1995, during a supervised turn-over of Haleigh, Magers turned up and took Haleigh with one hand while brandishing a butcher knife at Carol Mardeusz with the other hand. The supervisor present, Kimala Krchnavi, of the Sonoma County Legal Referral program observed this incident and reported it in a court declaration.
On September 7, 1995, Judge John Gallagher of Sonoma County Superior Court, ordered Carol Mardeusz to see psychologist William Alvarez, PhD. The judge told the mother that based on Alvarez's recommendations Mardeusz MIGHT be able to see her daughter.
On October 24, 1996 all Mardeusz' visitation rights were terminated by Judge Cerena Wong following a police report the mother had made to the Rohnert Park Police Report [Report No. 9618040]. On September 23, 1996 the mother had observed large scrapes on Haleigh's chest and reported this to Rohnert Police Officer Gene Fahey who refused to allow the mother to come to the police station to make the report. Still trying to protect her daughter, Mardeusz documented the cigarette burns and the chest injury to Captain Lyle of the Novato Police Department in a certified letter to him. Novato Police Officer Kelly Neiss would not allow the mother to come to the police station to make a formal report.
Finally on November 18, 1996, Leo Magers called Mardeusz and told her that, if she went to the media about his abusing Haleigh, he would kill her and her "two brats". Magers made this threat because on October 26, 2996, TV-50 was present to observe the hearing before Judge Cerena Wong. Mardeusz' brother, Paul Van Zandt, was on the phone at the time of the threat and entered a declaration testifying to the threat by Magers. Mardeusz was living in Sacramento County at this time and she obtained a temporary order against Leo Magers in that county and its court made it's order permanent on December 9, 1996.
Sonoma County Superior Court Judge Cerena Wong retaliated by ordering that Carol Mardeusz have no telephone conversation with her daughter, Haleigh.
Several harassment trials were then conducted against the mother by prosecutors in Marin and Sonoma Counties. Presently the very prosecutor who declined to prosecute the Magers is attempting to prosecute the mother. How can a prosecutor wear two hats? Isn't this a conflict of interest for Marin County Prosecutor Paula Kamena? Is this just another attempt to discredit the Brady witnesses before Richard Alan Davis' appeal of his death sentence in the kidnap and murder of Polly Klaas? Why are both counties afraid of Carole Mardeusz?
Marin County and Sonoma County working together, had successfully stole a child from her mother. It proves that they take care of their own - like Leo Magers and his mother.
BUT THE QUESTION REMAINS - WHO PROTECTS HALEIGH MARDEUSZ?
by Virginia McCullough
OUR SUMMER OF THE TEMPEST
Ariel's song in Act I, scene ii of The Tempest:
Come unto these yellow sands,
And then take hands.
Curtsied when you have and kissed,
The wild waves whist,
Foot it featly here and there;
And, sweet sprites, the burden bear.
Scene from The Tempest, A Poole, Paul Falconer, 1856
Before Prospero left the island, he dismissed Ariel from his service, to the great joy of that lively little spirit; who, though he had been a faithful servant to his master, was always longing to enjoy his free liberty, to wander uncontrolled in the air, like a- wild bird, under green trees, among pleasant fruits, and sweet smelling flowers. 'My quaint Ariel,' said Prospero to the little sprite when he made him free, 'I shall miss you; yet you shall have your freedom.' 'Thank you, my dear master,' said Ariel; 'but give me leave to attend your ship home with prosperous gales, before you bid farewell to the assistance of your faithful spirit; and then, master, when I am free, how merrily I shall live!' Here Ariel sung this pretty song:
'Where the bee sucks, there suck I;
In a cowslip's bell I lie;
There I crouch when owls do cry.
On the bat's back I do fly
After summer merrily.
Merrily, merrily shall I live now
Under the blossom that hangs on the bough.'
Prospero then buried deep in the earth his magical books and wand, for he was resolved never more to make use of the magic art. And having thus overcome his enemies, and being reconciled to his brother and the king of Naples, nothing now remained to complete his happiness, but to revisit his native land, to take possession of his dukedom, and to witness the happy nuptials of his daughter and Prince Ferdinand, which the king said should be instantly celebrated with great splendor on their return to Naples. At which place, under the safe convoy of the spirit Ariel, they, after a pleasant voyage, soon arrived.
Source: Lamb's Shakespeare. A favorite simple story book introduction for children and adults. Click. Every child should have Lamb's.
THE TEMPEST was based on Shakespeare's knowledge and fantasies about shipwrecked British Galleons in the New World, just discovered when he wrote the play. Click.